became the first European to travel to Timbuktu and
return safely, in 1827. Expecting to find a city of great
wealth, he found "a mass of ill-looking houses,
built of earth" instead.
John Hanning Speke
was part of an expedition that searched for the source of
the Nile River. During that expedition, he became the
first European to see Lake Victoria, which he incorrectly
assumed was the Nile's source.
is 418 miles long, making it the longest lake in the
world. With a maximum depth of 4,280 feet, it is the
second deepest lake in the world. With a surface area of
12,700 square miles, Lake Tanganyika is the fifth largest
in the world in that metric.
has a surface area of 26,828 square miles, making it the
largest lake in Africa and the second largest freshwater
lake in the world.
became part of German EastAfrica in 1899, a
Belgian mandate in 1923, a Belgian trusteeship in 1946,
and the independent nations of Rwanda and Burundi in