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Republic of Zimbabwe

Origin of Name takes its name from the Kingdom of Zimbabwe (13th-15th century)

Location southern Africa
Bordered By
Zambia, Mozambique, South Africa, Botswana, Namibia

location of Zimbabwe

map of Zimbabwe

Area 150,872 sq mi (390,757 sq km)
Highest Point Inyangani; 8,504 ft (2,592 m)
Lowest Point
junction of the Runde and Save rivers; 531 ft (162 m)
Natural Resources
coal, chromium ore, asbestos, gold, nickel, copper, iron ore, vanadium, lithium, tin, platinum group metals

Nationality Zimbabwean
Population (July 2015 est)
14,229,541
Largest Cities Harare, Bulawayo, Chitungwiza, Mutare, Gweru
Ethnic Groups Shona, Ndebele
Religions Protestant, Roman Catholic
Languages Shona (official), Ndele (official), English (official), 13 minority languages (official)

Capital Harare
Form of Government semi-presidential republic
Present Constitution Adopted March 16, 2013
Chief of State and Head of Government
Executive President Robert Gabriel Mugabe (since December 31, 1987)
Cabinet
appointed by President, responsible to House of Assembly
Legislature
bicameral Parliament
Judiciary
Supreme Court
Local Administration
8 provinces and 2 cities

Currency pas
Per Capita Income
$2,100
Industries
mining (coal, gold, platinum, copper, nickel, tin, diamonds, clay, numerous metallic and nonmetallic ores), steel, wood products, cement, chemicals, fertilizer, clothing and footwear, foodstuffs, beverages
Agricultural Products
tobacco, corn, cotton, wheat, coffee, sugarcane, peanuts; sheep, goats, pigs
Export Commodities
platinum, cotton, tobacco, gold, ferroalloys, textiles and clothing
Import Commodities
machinery and transport equipment, other manufactures, chemicals, fuels, food products

Independence from the United Kingdom Achieved April 18, 1980
National Holiday
Independence Day; April 18
Flag
seven equal horizontal bands of green, yellow, red, black, red, yellow, and green with a white isosceles triangle edged in black with its base on the hoist side; a yellow Zimbabwe bird representing the long history of the country is superimposed on a red five-pointed star in the center of the triangle, which symbolizes peace; green represents agriculture, yellow mineral wealth, red the blood shed to achieve independence, and black stands for the native people

flag of Zimbabwe

SEE ALSO
Zambia
Mozambique
South Africa
Botswana
Namibia

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The Robinson Library >> General and Old World History >> Africa >> Zimbabwe

This page was last updated on September 29, 2017.