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The Robinson Library >> General and Old World History >> Africa >> Swaziland
Kingdom of Swaziland

Umbuso weSwatini

Origin of Name The country is named for the Swazi, the ethnic group which comprises 97 per cent of the population. The Swazi got their name from Mswati I, their first king.

map of Swaziland

Location southern Africa
Bordered By
South Africa, Mozambique

location of Swaziland

Area 6,704 sq mi (17,364 sq km)
Highest Point Emlembe; 6,109 ft (1,862 m)
Lowest Point
Great Usutu River; 69 ft (21 m)
Natural Resources
asbestos, coal, clay, cassiterite, hydropower, forests, small gold and diamond deposits, quarry stone, and talc

Nationality Swazi
Population (July 2015 est)
1,435,613
Largest Cities Mbabane
Ethnic Groups Swazi, various European
Religions Zionist, Roman Catholic, Muslim
Languages English (official), siSwati (official)

Capital Mbabane
Form of Government monarchy
Present Constitution Adopted July 26, 2005
Chief of State
King Mswati III (since April 25, 1986)
Head of Government
Prime Minister Barnabas Sibusiso Dlamini (since October 23, 2008)
Cabinet
recommended by the Prime Minister, confirmed by the monarch
Legislature
bicameral Parliament (Libandla)
Judiciary
Supreme Court of the Judicature
Local Administration
4 districts

Currency Emalangeni
Per Capita Income
$7,800
Industries
coal, forestry, sugar, soft drink concentrates, textiles and apparel
Agricultural Products
sugarcane, cotton, corn, tobacco, rice, citrus, pineapples, sorghum, peanuts; cattle, goats, sheep
Export Commodities
soft drink concentrates, sugar, timber, cotton yarn, refrigerators, citrus and canned fruit
Import Commodities
motor vehicles, machinery, transport equipment, foodstuffs, petroleum products, chemicals

Independence from the United Kingdom Achieved September 6, 1968
National Holiday
Independence Day; September 6
Flag
blue stands for peace and stability, red represents past struggles, and yellow the mineral resources of the country; the shield, spears, and staff symbolize protection from the country's enemies, while the black and white of the shield are meant to portray black and white people living in peaceful coexistence

flag of Swaziland

SEE ALSO
South Africa
,
Mozambique

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The Robinson Library >> General and Old World History >> Africa >> Swaziland

This page was last updated on March 30, 2017.