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The Robinson Library >> General and Old World History >> Africa >> Mauritius
Republic of Mauritius

Origin of Name The main island was named by Dutch explorers in honor of Prince Maurice of Nassau. The French claimed Mauritius in 1715 and renamed it Ile de France. In 1810, Mauritius was captured by the British and renamed back to Mauritius.

Location about 500 miles east of Madagascar

location of Mauritius

Area 790 sq mi (2,045 sq km)
Coastline 100 mi (161 km)
Highest Point Mont Piton; 2,711 ft (826 m)
Lowest Point Indian Ocean coast; sea level
Natural Resources arable land, fish

map of Mauritius

Nationality Mauritian
Population (July 2015)
Largest Cities
Port Louis
Ethnic Groups
Indo-Mauritian, Creole, Sino-Mauritian, Franco-Mauritian
Hindu, Roman Catholic, Muslim
Creole, Bhojpuri, French, English (official)

Capital Port Louis
Form of Government parliamentary democracy
Current Constitution Adopted
March 12, 1968
Chief of State
Ameenah Gurib-Fakim (since June 5, 2015)
Head of Government
Prime Minister
Sir Anerood Jugnauth (since December 17, 2014)
Council of MInisters appointed by the President
unicameral National Assembly
Supreme Court
Local Administration
9 districts, 3 dependencies

Currency Mauritian Rupee (MUR)
Per Capita Income
Principal Industries
food processing (largely sugar milling), textiles, clothing, mining, chemicals, metal products, transport equipment, nonelectrical machinery, tourism
Agricultural Products
sugarcane, tea, corn, potatoes, bananas, pulses; cattle, goats; fish
Principal Exports
clothing and textiles, sugar, cut flowers, molasses, fish
Principal Imports
manufactured goods, capital equipment, foodstuffs, petroleum products, chemicals

Independence Achieved March 12, 1968
Great Britain
National Holiday
Independence Day; March 12
four equal horizontal bands of red, blue, yellow, and green; red represents self-determination and independence, blue the Indian Ocean surrounding the island, yellow has been interpreted as the new light of independence, golden sunshine, or the bright future, and green can symbolize either agriculture or the lush vegetation of the island

flag of Mauritius


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The Robinson Library >> General and Old World History >> Africa >> Mauritius

This page was last updated on 09/29/2017.