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Republic of Tunisia

Al Jumhuriyah at Tunisiyah

map of Tunisia

Location northern Africa
Bordered By
Algeria, Libya

Tunisia's place in Africa

Area 63,170 sq mi (163,610 sq km)
Greatest Distance E-W 235 mi (378 km)
Greatest Distance N-S 485 mi (781 km)
Coastline 639 mi (1,028 km)
Highest Point Mount Shanabi; 5,066 ft (1,544 m)
Lowest Point sea level
Natural Resources phosphates, iron ore

Nationality Tunisian
Population (July 2015 est)
Largest Cities
Ethnic Groups Arab
Religions Muslim (official)
Languages Arabic (official), French (commercial)

Capital Tunis
Form of Government republic
Present Constitution Adopted
January 27, 2014
Chief of State
President Beji Caid Essebsi (since December 31, 2014)
Head of Government
Prime Minister
Youssef Chahed (since August 27, 2016)
appointed by the Prime Minister
unicameral Chamber of the People's Deputies
Court of Cassation
Local Administration
24 governates

Currency Tunisian Dinar
Per Capita Income
petroleum, mining (particularly phosphate and iron ore), tourism, textiles, footwear, agribusiness, beverages
Agricultural Products
olives, olive oil, grain, tomatoes, citrus fruit, sugar beets, dates, almonds; beef, dairy products
Export Commodities
clothing, semi-finished goods and textiles, agricultural products, mechanical goods, phosphates and chemicals, hydrocarbons, electrical equipment
Import Commodities
textiles, machinery and equipment, hydrocarbons, chemicals, foodstuffs

Independence from France Achieved March 20, 1956
red with a white disk in the center bearing a red crescent nearly encircling a red five-pointed star; resembles the Ottoman flag (red banner with white crescent and star) and recalls Tunisia's history as part of the Ottoman Empire; red represents the blood shed by martyrs in the struggle against oppression, white stands for peace; the crescent and star are traditional symbols of Islam

flag of Tunisia


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The Robinson Library >> General and Old World History >> Africa >> Tunisia

This page was last updated on November 07, 2017.