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People's Democratic Republic of Algeria

Al Jumhuriyah al Jaza'iriyah ad Dimuqratiyah ash Sha'biyah

Origin of Name The country of Algeria was named after its capital city of Algiers, which is an English transliteration of "Al-Jazair," which means "The Island" in Arabic; that city was so named because of the small islands that once dotted its bay.

map of Algeria

Location northern Africa
Bordered By
Tunisia, Libya, Niger, Mali, Mauritania, Western Sahara, Morocco

location of Algeria

Area 919,595 sq mi (2,381,741 sq km)
Greatest Distance E-W 1,120 mi (1,802 km)
Greatest Distance N-S 1,190 mi (1,915 km)
Coastline 725 mi (1,167 km)
Highest Point Tahat; 9,852 ft (3,003 m)
Lowest Point Chott Melrhir; -131 ft (-40 m)
Natural Resources petroleum, natural gas, iron ore, phosphates, uranium, lead, zinc

Nationality Algerian
Population (2014 est)
38,813,722
Largest Cities Algiers
Ethnic Groups Arab-Berber
Religions Sunni Muslim (official)
Languages Arabic (official), French, Berber dialects

Capital Algiers
Form of Government republic
Present Constitution Adopted November 28, 1996
Chief of State
President Abdelaziz Bouteflika (since April 28, 1999)
Head of Government
Prime Minister
Abdelmalek Sellal (since April 28, 2014)
Cabinet
Cabinet of Ministers appointed by the President
Legislature
bicameral Parliament
Judiciary
Supreme Court
Local Administration
48 provinces

Currency Dinar
Per Capita Income
$7,500
Industries petroleum, natural gas, light industries, mining, electrical, petrochemical, food processing
Agricultural Products wheat, barley, oats, grapes, olives, citrus, fruits; sheep, cattle
Export Commodities petroleum, natural gas, petroleum products
Import Commodities capital goods, foodstuffs, consumer goods

Independence from France Achieved July 5, 1962
National Holiday Revolution Day, November 1 (1954)
Flag
the colors represent Islam (green), purity and peace (white), and liberty (red); the crescent and star are also Islamic symbols, but the crescent is more closed than those of other Muslim countries because the Algerians believe the long crescent horns bring happiness

flag of Algeria

SEE ALSO
Tunisia
Libya
Niger
Mali
Mauritania
Western Sahara
Morocco
France

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The Robinson Library >> General and Old World History >> Africa >> Algeria

This page was last updated on February 13, 2017.