The Robinson Library
The Robinson Library >> Africa >> West Coast Islands
Republic of Cape Verde

Republica de Cabo Verde

Meaning of Name "Verde" is Portuguese for "green," the name given to the westernmost point on the mainland of Africa

map of Cape Verde

Location an archipelago of 15 islands about 400 miles west of Senegal
1,557 sq mi (4,033 sq km)
Highest Elevation
Mount Fogo; 9,281 ft (2,829 m)
Lowest Elevation
sea level
Natural Resources
salt, basalt rock, limestone, kaolin, clay, gypsum

Nationality Cape Verdean
Population (2017 est)
Ethnic Groups
Creole, African
Roman Catholic, Protestant
Portuguese (official), Crioulo

Capital Praia
Form of Government
Head of State
President Jorge Carlos Fonseca (since September 9, 2011)
Head of Government
Prime Minister Ulisses Correia E. Silva (since April 22, 2016)
Council of Ministers appointed by the President
unicameral National Assembly (Assemblea Nacional)
Supreme Court of Justice
Local Administration
22 municipalities (cocelhas)

Currency Cape Verdean escudo
Per Capita Income
food and beverages, fish processing, shoes and garments, salt mining, ship repair
Agricultural Products
bananas, corn, beans, sweet potatoes, sugarcane, coffee, peanuts; fish
Principal Exports
fuel, shoes, garments, fish, hides
Principal Imports
foodstuffs, industrial products, transport equipment, fuels

Independence from Portugal Achieved July 5, 1975
National Holiday
Independence Day, July 5
blue represents the sea and the sky; the 10 stars represent the ten main islands that comprise the nation; the stripes represent the road to formation of the country through peace (white) and effort (red)

flag of Cape Verde

Questions or comments about this page?

The Robinson Library >> Africa >> West Coast Islands

This page was last updated on 06/18/2018.