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Republic of Senegal

Republique du Senegal

Origin of Name the country is named for the river, which got its name from the Berber Zenaga tribe, which once dominated much of the area north of the river

map of Senegallocation of SenegalLocation west Africa
Bordered By
Mauritania, Mali, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Gambia

Area 75,750 sq mi (196,192 sq km)
Coastline 310 mi (499 km)
Highest Point
unnamed; 1,906 ft (581 m)
Lowest Point sea level
Natural Resourcesphosphates, iron ore

Nationality Senegalese
Population (June 2014 est)
13,635,927
Largest Cities Dakar
Ethnic Groups
Wolof, Pular, Serer, Jola, Mandinka, Soninke, European and Lebanese
Religions
Muslim, Christian
Languages French (official),
Wolof, Pulaar, Jola, Mandinka

Capital Dakar
Form of Government republic
Present Constitution Adopted January 7, 2001
Chief of State
President Mackey Sall (since April 2, 2012)
Head of Government
Prime Minister Mohammed Abdallah Boun Dionne (since July 4, 2014)
Cabinet
Council of Ministers
Legislature
unicameral National Assembly (Assemblee Nationale)
Judiciary
Court of Final Appeals (Cour de Cassation), Constitutional Council
Local Administration
14 regions

Currency Communaute Financiere Africaine francs (XOF)
Per Capita Income
$2,300
Industries
agricultural and fish processing, phosphate mining, fertilizer production, petroleum refining; iron ore, zircon, and gold mining, construction materials, ship construction and repair
Agriculture
peanuts, millet, corn, sorghum, rice, cotton, tomatoes, green vegetables; cattle, poultry, pigs; fish
Export Commodities
fish, groundnuts (peanuts), petroleum products, phosphates, cotton
Import Commodities
food and beverages, capital goods, fuels

Independence From France Achieved April 4, 1960
National Holiday Independence Day; April 4
Flag
green represents Islam, progress, and hope; yellow signifies natural wealth and progress; red symbolizes sacrifice and determination; the star denotes unity and hope

flag of Senegal

SEE ALSO
Mauritania
Mali
Guinea
Guinea-Bissau
France

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The Robinson Library >> General and Old World History >> Africa >> Senegal

This page was last updated on April 14, 2017.