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Republic of Senegal

Republique du Senegal

Location west Africa
Bordered By Mauritania, Mali, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Gambia

location of Senegal

Area 75,750 sq mi (196,192 sq km)
Coastline 310 mi (499 km)
Highest Point
unnamed; 1,906 ft (581 m)
Lowest Point sea level
Natural Resourcesphosphates, iron ore

map of Senegal

Nationality Senegalese
Population (June 2014 est)
Largest Cities Dakar
Ethnic Groups Wolof, Pular, Serer, Jola, Mandinka, Soninke, European and Lebanese
Religions Muslim, Christian
Languages French (official), Wolof, Pulaar, Jola, Mandinka

Capital Dakar
Form of Government republic
Present Constitution Adopted January 7, 2001
Chief of State
President Mackey Sall (since April 2, 2012)
Head of Government
Prime Minister Mohammed Abdallah Boun Dionne (since July 4, 2014)
Council of Ministers
unicameral National Assembly (Assemblee Nationale)
Court of Final Appeals (Cour de Cassation), Constitutional Council
Local Administration
14 regions

Currency Communaute Financiere Africaine francs (XOF)
Per Capita Income
Industries agricultural and fish processing, phosphate mining, fertilizer production, petroleum refining; iron ore, zircon, and gold mining, construction materials, ship construction and repair
Agriculture peanuts, millet, corn, sorghum, rice, cotton, tomatoes, green vegetables; cattle, poultry, pigs; fish
Export Commodities fish, groundnuts (peanuts), petroleum products, phosphates, cotton
Import Commodities food and beverages, capital goods, fuels

Origin of Name the country is named for the river, which got its name from the Berber Zenaga tribe, which once dominated much of the area north of the river
Independence From
France Achieved April 4, 1960
National Holiday Independence Day; April 4
Flag green represents Islam, progress, and hope; yellow signifies natural wealth and progress; red symbolizes sacrifice and determination; the star denotes unity and hope

flag of Senegal

See Also


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The Robinson Library >> Senegal

This page was last updated on September 07, 2018.