The Robinson Library

The Robinson Library >> Niger
Republic of Niger

République du Niger

Location west central Africa
Bordered By Benin, Burkina Faso, Mali, Algeria, Libya, Chad, Nigeria

map of Niger

Area 489,191 sq mi (1,267,000 sq km)
Highest Point Idoukal-n-Taghes; 6,634 ft (2,022 m)
Lowest Point Niger River; 656 ft (200 m)
Natural Resources uranium, coal, iron ore, tin, phosphates, gold, molybdenum, gypsum, salt, petroleum

Nationality Nigerien
Population (July 2015)
Largest Cities Niamey
Ethnic Groups Haoussa, Djerma Sonrai, Tuareg, Peuhl, Kanouri Manga
Religions Muslim
Languages French (official), Hausa, Djerma

Capital Niamey
Form of Government republic
Present Constitution Adopted October 31, 2010
Chief of State
President Issoufou Mahamadou (since April 7, 2011)
Head of Government
Prime Minister Brigi Rafini (since April 7, 2011)
appointed by the President
unicameral National Assembly
Constitutional Court
Local Administration
8 regions, 1 capital district

Currency CFA Franc
Per Capita Income
Industries uranium mining, cement, brick, soap, textiles, food processing, chemicals, slaughterhouses
Agricultural Products cowpeas, cotton, peanuts, millet, sorghum, cassava, rice; cattle, sheep, goats, camels, donkeys, horses, poultry
Export Commodities uranium ore, livestock, cowpeas, onions
Import Commodities foodstuffs, machinery, vehicles and parts, petroleum, cereals

Independence from France Achieved August 3, 1960
National Holiday Republic Day, December 18 (1958)
Flag the orange band denotes the drier northern regions of the Sahara; white stands for purity and innocence; green symbolizes hope and the fertile and productive southern and western areas, as well as the Niger River; the orange disc represents the sun and the sacrifices made by the people

flag of Nigeria

See Also

Burkina Faso

Questions or comments about this page?

The Robinson Library >> Niger

This page was last updated on September 06, 2018.