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  General and Old World HistoryAfricaFrench West AfricaNiger
Republic of Niger

République du Niger

map of NigerLocation west central Africa
Bordered By
Benin, Burkina Faso, Mali, Algeria, Libya, Chad, Nigeria

Area 489,191 sq mi (1,267,000 sq km)
Highest Point
Idoukal-n-Taghes; 6,634 ft (2,022 m)
Lowest Point Niger River; 656 ft (200 m)
Natural Resources
uranium, coal, iron ore, tin, phosphates, gold, molybdenum, gypsum, salt, petroleum

Nationality Nigerien
Population (July 2015)
Largest Cities Niamey
Ethnic Groups
Haoussa, Djerma Sonrai, Tuareg, Peuhl, Kanouri Manga
Religions Muslim
Languages French (official), Hausa, Djerma

Capital Niamey
Form of Government republic
Present Constitution Adopted October 31, 2010
Chief of State
President Issoufou Mahamadou (since April 7, 2011)
Head of Government
Prime Minister Brigi Rafini (since April 7, 2011)
appointed by the President
unicameral National Assembly
Constitutional Court
Local Administration
8 regions, 1 capital district

Currency CFA Franc
Per Capita Income
uranium mining, cement, brick, soap, textiles, food processing, chemicals, slaughterhouses
Agricultural Products
cowpeas, cotton, peanuts, millet, sorghum, cassava, rice; cattle, sheep, goats, camels, donkeys, horses, poultry
Export Commodities
uranium ore, livestock, cowpeas, onions
Import Commodities
foodstuffs, machinery, vehicles and parts, petroleum, cereals

Independence from France Achieved August 3, 1960
National Holiday Republic Day, December 18 (1958)
the orange band denotes the drier northern regions of the Sahara; white stands for purity and innocence; green symbolizes hope and the fertile and productive southern and western areas, as well as the Niger River; the orange disc represents the sun and the sacrifices made by the people

flag of Nigeria


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This page was last updated on September 29, 2015.

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