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Islamic Republic of Mauritania

Al Jumhuriyah al Islamiyah al Muritaniyah

Origin of Name Mauritania is derived from the Spanish description of the area as "the land of the Moors," a term used to describe Arab rulers of Southern Spain. It was also the name of an ancient Berber Kingdom.

Location west Africa
Bordered By
Western Sahara, Algeria, Mali, Senegal

location of Mauritania

Area 397,956 sq mi (1,030,700 sq km)
Greatest Distance E-W 780 mi (1,255 km)
Greatest Distance N-S 800 mi (1,287 km)
Coastline
414 mi (666 km)
Highest Point
Kediet Ijill; 3,002 ft (915 m)
Lowest Point
Sebkhet Te-n-Dghamcha; -16 ft (-5 m)
Natural Resources
iron ore, gypsum, copper, phosphate, diamonds, gold, oil, fish

map of Mauritania

Nationality Mauritanian
Population (June 2014 est)
3,516,806
Largest Cities Nouakchott
Ethnic Groups mixed Moor/black, Moor, black
Religions
Muslim (official)
Languages
Arabic (official and national), Pulaar, Soninke, Wolof, French, Hassaniya

Capital Nouakchott
Form of Government military junta
Present Constitution Adopted July 12, 1991
Chief of State
President Mohamed Ould Abdel Aziz (since August 5, 2009)
Head of Government
Prime Minister Yahya Ould Hademine (since August 20, 2014)
Cabinet
Council of Ministers
Legislature
bicameral legislature
Judiciary
Supreme Court (Cour Supreme)
Local Administration
13 regions (
wilayas)

Currency Ouguiya
Per Capita Income
$3,400
Industries
fish processing, oil production, mining (iron ore, gold, and copper)
Agriculture
dates, millet, sorghum, rice, corn; cattle, sheep
Export Commodities
iron ore, fish and fish products, gold, copper, petroleum
Import Commodities
machinery and equipment, petroleum products, capital goods, foodstuffs, consumer goods

Independence from France Achieved November 28, 1960
National Holiday Independence Day, November 28
Flag
green with a yellow five-pointed star above a yellow, horizontal crescent; the closed side of the crescent is down; the crescent, star, and color green are traditional symbols of Islam; the gold color stands for the sands of the Sahara

flag of Mauritania

SEE ALSO
Western Sahara
Algeria
Mali
Senegal

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This page was last updated on April 15, 2017.