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Republic of Mali

République de Mali

Origin of Name The country of Mali is named after the ancient West African kingdom of the same name. The word mali means "hippopotamus" in Malinké and Bamana.

Location western Africa
Bordered By
Algeria, Niger, Burkina Faso, Côte d'Ivoire, Guinea, Senegal, Mauritania

location of the Republic of Mali

Area 478,767 sq mi (1,240,000 sq km)
Greatest Distance N-S 1,000 mi (1,609 km)
Greatest Distance E-W 1,150 mi (1,851 km)
Highest Point Hombori Tondo; 3,789 ft (1,155 m)
Lowest Point Senegal River; 75.5 ft (23 m)
Natural Resources
gold, phosphates, kaolin, salt, limestone, uranium, gypsum, granite, hydropower

map of the Republic of Mali

Nationality Malian
Population (July 2014 est)
16,455,903
Largest Cities Bamako
Ethnic Groups
Mande, Peul, Voltaic, Songhai, Tuareg and Moor
Religions Muslim, Christian, animist
Languages French (official), Bambara, a variety of tribal and regional languages

Capital Bamako
Form of Government republic
Present Constitution Adopted January 12, 1992
Chief of State
President
Ibrahim Boubacar Keita (since September 4, 2013)
Head of Government
Prime Minister
Modibo Keita (since January 8, 2015)
Cabinet
Council of Ministers appointed by the Prime Minister
Legislature
unicameral National Assembly (Assemblee Nationale)
Judiciary
Supreme Court (Cour Supreme)
Local Administration
8 regions, 1 district

Currency CFA Franc
Per Capita Income
$1,600
Industries
food processing; construction; phosphate and gold mining
Agriculture
cotton, millet, rice, corn, vegetables, peanuts; cattle, sheep, goats
Export Commodities
cotton, gold, livestock
Import Commodities
petroleum, machinery and equipment, construction materials, foodstuffs, textiles

Indepenence from France Achieved September 22, 1960
National Holiday Independence Day; September 22
Flag
The stripe green represents the hope, the greenery of the pastures and fields in Mali, the richness of its soil and of everything the soil can produce for the welfare of the Malian populations, and also recalls the main agri-pastoral vocation of the country for development, modernization and integration. The gold stripe shows the gold included in the underground of Mali, as well as other potential mining resources. The red stripe is for the Malians, who should remember the blood shed for the defense of their homeland against foreign occupation.

flag of Mali

SEE ALSO
Algeria
Niger
Burkina Faso
Côte d'Ivoire
Senegal
Mauritania
France

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The Robinson Library >> General and Old World History >> Africa >> Mali

This page was last updated on February 23, 2017.