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Republic of Guinea

République de Guinée

Origin of Name "Guinea" derives from the Berber word "aguinaw," or "gnawa," meaning black man, a term used by Berbers to describe most of West Africa

Location western Africa
Bordered By Guinea-Bissau, Senegal, Mali, Côte d'Ivoire, Liberia, Sierra Leone

location of Guinea in Africa

Area 94,926 sq mi (245,857 sq km)
Coastline 515 mi (320 km)
Highest Point Mont Nimba; 5,748 ft (1,752 m)
Lowest Point Atlantic Ocean; 0 ft (0 m)
Natural Resources bauxite, iron ore, diamonds, gold, uranium, hydropower, fish, salt

map of Guinea

Nationality Guinean
Population (July 2016 est)
Ethnic Groups Peuhl, Malinke, Soussou
Religions Muslim, Christian, indigenous
Languages French (official), indigenous

Capital Conakry
Form of Government Republic
Present Constitution Adopted May 7, 2010
Chief of State
President Alpha Conde (since December 21, 2010)
Head of Government Prime Minister Mamady Youla (since December 26, 2015)
Cabinet Council of Ministers appointed by the President
Legislature unicameral People's National Assembly (Assemblee Nationale Populaire)
Court of First Instance (Tribunal de Premiere Instance), Court of Appeal (Cour d'Appel), Supreme Court (Cour Supreme)
Administrative Divisions
7 regions and 1 governate

Currency Guinean Franc
Per Capita Income
Industries bauxite, gold, diamonds, iron, alumina refining, light manufacturing, agricultural processing
Agricultural Products rice, coffee, pineapples, palm kernels, cassava, bananas, sweet potatoes; cattle, sheep, goats
Export Commodities bauxite, alumina, gold, diamonds, coffee, fish, agricultural products
Import Commodities petroleum products, metals, machinery, transport equipment, textiles, grain and other foodstuffs

Independence From France Achieved October 2, 1958
National Holiday Independence Day, October 2
Flag three equal vertical bands of red, yellow and green (the popular pan-African colors of Ethiopia)

flag of Guinea

See Also

Côte d'Ivoire
Sierra Leone

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The Robinson Library >> Guinea

This page was last updated on February 10, 2019.