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Gabonese Republic

République Gabonaise

Origin of Name Gabon's first European visitors were Portuguese traders who arrived in the 15th century and subsequent Portuguese references refered to it as Gabon after the Portuguese word "gabao," a coat with sleeves and hood resembling the shape of the Como River estuary, where they first explored.

Location west central Africa
Bordered By
Equatorial Guinea, Cameroon, Republic of the Congo

location of Gabon

map of Gabon

Area 103,347 sq mi (267,667 sq km)
Coastline 500 mil (800 km)
Highest Point Mont Iboundji; 5,167 ft (1,575 m)
Lowest Point sea level along the coast
Natural Resources oil, manganese, uranium, iron, gold

Nationality Gabonese
Population (July 2014 est)
1,672,597
Largest Cities Libreville, Port-Gentil, Franceville
Ethnic Groups Fang, Myene, Bapounou, Eshira, Bandjabi, Bakota, Nzebi, Bateke/Obamba
Religions Christian, Muslim
Languages French (official), Fang, Meyene, Bateke, Bapounous/Eschira, Bandjabi

Capital Libreville
Form of Government republic
Present Constitution Adopted March 15, 1991
Chief of State
President
Ali Bongo Ondimba (since October 16, 2009)
Head of Government
Prime Minister
Emmanuel Issoze-Ngondet (since September 29, 2016)
Cabinet
Council of Ministers
Legislature
bicameral
Judiciary
Supreme Court, Constitutional Court
Local Administration
9 provinces

Currency Cooperation Financiere en Afrique Centrale franc
Per Capita Income
$18,100
Industries oil products, textiles, food and beverages
Agriculture cocoa, coffee, palm products
Export Commodities petroleum, wood, manganese
Import Commodities construction equipment, machinery, food, automobiles, manufactured goods

Independence From France Achieved August 17, 1960
National Holiday Independence Day; August 17
Flag
green represents the country's forests and natural resources, gold represents the equator (which transects Gabon) as well as the sun, blue represents the sea

flag of Gabon

SEE ALSO
Equatorial Guinea
Cameroon
Republic of the Congo

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The Robinson Library >> General and Old World History >> Africa >> Gabon

This page was last updated on May 26, 2017.