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Republic of Chad

République du Tchad

Location west central Africa
Bordered By
Libya, Sudan, Central African Republic, Cameroon, Nigeria, Niger

location of the Republic of Chad

Area 495,755 sq mi (1,284,000 sq km)
Highest Point Emi Koussi; 11,204 ft (3,415 m)
Lowest Point Djourab Depression; 525 ft (160 m)
Natural Resources petroleum, uranium, natron, kaolin, gold, limestone, sand and gravel, salt

map of the Republic of Chad

Nationality Chadian
Population (July 2016 est)
11,852,462
Largest Cities N'Djamena
Ethnic Groups Sara, Arab, Mayo-Kebbi, Kanem-Bornou, Ouaddai, Hadjarai, Tandjile, Gorane, Fitri-Batha
Religions Muslim, Catholic, Protestant, animist, atheist
Languages French (official), Arabic (official), Sara, over 120 indigineous languages and dialects

Capital N'Djamena
Form of Government republic
Present Constitution Adopted March 31, 1996
Chief of State
President Lt. Gen. Idriss Deby Itno (since December 4, 1990)
Head of Government
Prime Minister
Albert Pahimi Padacke (since February 15, 2016)
Cabinet
Council of State appointed by the President
Legislature
unicameral National Assembly
Judiciary
Supreme Court; Court of Appeal; Criminal Courts; Magistrate Courts
Local Administration
23 regions

Currency CFA Franc
Per Capita Income
$1,500
Industries oil, cotton textiles, meatpacking, brewing, natron, soap, cigarettes, construction materials
Agriculture cotton, sorghum, millet, peanuts, rice, potatoes, manioc; cattle, sheep, goats, camels
Export Commodities oil, cattle, cotton, gum arabic
Import Commodities machinery and transportation equipment, industrial goods, foodstuffs, textiles

Independence from France Achieved August 11, 1960
National Holiday Independence Day; August 11
Flag
combines the blue and red French (former colonial) colors with the red and yellow of the Pan-African colors; blue symbolizes the sky, hope, and the south of the country, which is relatively well-watered; yellow represents the sun, as well as the desert in the north of the country; red stands for progress, unity, and sacrifice

flag of Chad

SEE ALSO
Libya
Sudan
Central African Republic
Cameroon
Nigeria
Niger

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The Robinson Library >> General and Old World History >> Africa >> Chad

This page was last updated on February 12, 2017.