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Burkina Faso

"Burkina Faso" is Mossi for "incorruptible men"

map of Burkina Fasolocation of Burkina FasoLocation west Africa
Bordered By
Mali, Niger, Benin, Togo, Ghana, Côte d'Ivoire

Area 105,869 sq mi (274,200 sq km)
Greatest Distance E-W 525 mi (845 km)
Greatest Distance N-S 400 mi (644 km)
Highest Point
Tena Kourou; 2,457 ft (7499 m)
Lowest Point Mouhoun River; 656 ft (200 m)
Natural Resources
manganese, limestone, marble; small deposits of gold, phosphates, pumice, salt

Nationality Burkinabe
Population (June 2016)
19,512.533
Largest Cities Ouagadougou, Bobo-Dioulasso, Koudougou
Ethnic Groups Mossi, numerous other indigenous tribes
Religions
Muslim, Catholic, animist
Languages French (official), tribal

Capital Ougadougou
Form of Government parliamentary republic
Present Constitution Adopted June 2, 1991
Chief of State
President Roch Marc Christian Kabore (since December 29, 2015)
Head of Government
Prime Minister Paul Kaba Thieba (since January 6, 2016)
Cabinet
Council of Ministers
Legislature
unicameral National Assembly (Assemblee Nationale)
Judiciary
Supreme Court of Appeals (Cour de Cassation), Constitutional Council (Conseil Constitutionnel)
Local Administration
12 departments3 regions

Currency Cooperation Financiere en Afrique Centrale Franc (XAF)
Per Capita Income
$1,500
Industries
cotton lint, beverages, agricultural processing, soap, cigarettes, textiles, gold
Agriculture
cotton, peanuts, shea nuts, sesame, sorghum, millet, corn, rice; livestock
Export Commodities
gold, cotton, livestock
Import Commodities
capital goods, foodstuffs, petroleum products

Independence From France Achieved August 5, 1960 (as Upper Volta)
National Holiday Republic Day, December 11 (1958; the date on which Upper Volta became an autonomous republic within the French Community)
Flag
red recalls the country's struggle for independence, green is for hope and abundance, and yellow represents the country's mineral wealth

flag of Burkina Faso

SEE ALSO
Mali
Niger
Benin
Togo
Ghana
France

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The Robinson Library >> General and Old World History >> Africa >> Burkina Faso

This page was last updated on January 12, 2017.