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State of Eritrea

Hagere Ertra

map of Eritrea

Origin of Name derives from the ancient Greek appellation "Erythra Thalassa," meaning Red Sea, the major water body bordering the country

Bordered By Sudan, Djibouti, Ethiopia

location of Ethiopia

Area 45,306 sq mi (117,600 sq km)
Coastline 1,388 mi (2,234 km)
Highest Point Soira; 9,902 ft (3,018 m)
Lowest Point Danakil Depression; -246 ft (-76 m)
Natural Resources
gold, potash, zinc, copper, salt

Nationality Eritrean
Population (July 2016 est)
5,869,869
Largest Cities
Asmara
Ethnic Groups
Tigrinya, Tigre, Saho, Kunama, Rashaida, Bilen
Religions
Muslim, Coptic Christian, Roman Catholic, Protestant
Languages
Tigrinya (official), Arabic (official), English (official), Tigre, Kunama, Afar, other Cushitic languages

Capital Asmara
Form of Government presidential republic
Current Constitution Adopted
May 23, 1997
Chief of State and Head of Government
President
Isaias Afworki (since June 8, 1993)
Cabinet
State Council
Legislature
National Assembly (Hagerawi Baito)
Judiciary
High Court
Local Administration
6 regions (zobotat)

Currency nakfa (ERN)
Per Capita Income
$1,300
Principal Industries
food processing, beverages, clothing and textiles, light manufacturing, salt, cement
Agricultural Products
sorghum, lentils, vegetables, corn, cotton, tobacco, sisal; livestock, goats; fish
Principal Exports
gold and other minerals, livestock, sorghum, textiles, food, small industry manufactures
Principal Imports
machinery, petroleum products, food, manufactured goods

Independence from Ethiopia Achieved May 24, 1993
National Holiday Independence Day, May 24
Flag
g
reen stands for the country's agricultural economy, red signifies the blood shed in the fight for freedom, and blue symbolizes the bounty of the sea; the wreath-olive branch symbol is similar to that on the first flag of Eritrea from 1952; the shape of the red triangle broadly mimics the shape of the country

flag of Eritrea

SEE ALSO
Sudan
Djibouti
Ethiopia

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This page was last updated on 05/25/2017.