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Republic of Equatorial Guinea

Republica de Guinea Ecuatorial

map of Equatorial Guinea

Location west coast of Africa
Bordered By
Cameroon, Gabon

location of Equatorial Guinea

Area 10,830 sq mi (28,051 sq km)
Coastline 184 mi (296 km)
Highest Point Pico Basile; 9,869 ft (3,008 m)
Lowest Point sea level

Population (July 2016 est) 759,450
Largest Cities Bata, Malabo, Ebebiyin
Ethnic Groups
Fang, Bubi, Mdowe, Annobon, Bujeba
Religions Roman Catholic
Languages Spanish (official), French (official), Fang, Bubi

Capital Malabo
Form of Government republic
Present Constitution Adopted
November 17, 1991
Chief of State President Teodoro Obiang Nguema Mbasogo (since August 3, 1979)
Head of Government Prime Minister Francisco Pascual Eyegue Obama Asue (since June 23, 2016)
Cabinet Council of Ministers appointed by the President
bicameral National Assembly
Supreme Couer of Justice, Constitutional Court
Local Administration
7 provinces

Currency CAF franc
Per Capita Income
petroleum, natural gas, sawmilling
Agricultural Products
coffee, cocoa, rice, yams, cassava (manioc, tapioca), bananas, palm oil nuts; livestock; timber
Export Commodities
petroleum products, timber
Import Commodities
petroleum-related equipment, other equipment, construction materials, vehicles

Independence from Spain Achieved October 12, 1968
National Holiday
Independence Day; October 12
Three equal horizontal bands of green (top), white, and red, with a blue isosceles triangle based on the hoist side and the coat of arms centered in the white band. The coat of arms has six yellow six-pointed stars (representing the mainland and five offshore islands) above a gray shield bearing a silk-cotton tree and below which is a scroll with the motto UNIDAD, PAZ, JUSTICIA (Unity, Peace, Justice). Green symbolizes the jungle and natural resources, blue represents the sea that connects the mainland to the islands, white stands for peace, and red recalls the fight for independence.

flag of Equatorial Guinea


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The Robinson Library >> Equatorial Guinea

This page was last updated on 07/20/2018.