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Union of the Comoros

Udzima wa Komori (Comoran)
Union des Comores (French)
Jumhuriyat al Qamar al Muttahidah (Arabic)

Origin of Name "Comoros" is derived from the Arabic word kamar (or kumr), meaning "moon." Originally given to the island of Madagascar by Arab geographers, the name was adopted by French colonists to describe the Comoros.

map of Comoros

Location a group of four islands between the mainland of Africa and the island of Madagascar

location of Comoros

Total Area 838 sq mi (2,171 sq km)
Coastline 243 mi (391 km)
Lowest Point sea level
Highest Point Mont Karthala; 7,746 ft (2,361m)
Natural Resources negligible

Nationality Comoran
Population (July 2014 est)
766,865
Largest Cities
Moroni
Ethnic Groups
Antalote, Cafre, Makoa, Oimatsaha, Sakalava
Religions
Sunni Muslim
Languages
Arabic (official), French (official), Shikomoro (a blend of Swahili and Arabic)

Capital Moroni
Form of Government republic
Current Constitution Adopted
December 23, 2001
Chief of State
and Head of Government
President Azail Assoumani (since May 26, 2016)
Cabinet
Council of Ministers appointed by the President
Legislature
unicameral Assembly of the Union
Judiciary
Supreme Court, Constitutional Court
Local Administration
3 islands and 4 municipalities (although the island of Mayotte is claimed by Comoros it is administered by France)

Currency Comoran franc
Per Capita Income
$1,300
Principal Industries
fishing, tourism, perfume distillation
Agricultural Products
vanilla, cloves, ylang-ylang (perfume essence), copra, coconuts, bananas, cassava
Principal Exports
vanilla, ylang-ylang, cloves, copra
Principal Imports
rice and other foodstuffs, consumer goods, petroleum products, cement, transport equipment

Independence from France Achieved July 6, 1965
Flag
the horizontal bands and the four stars represent the four main islands of the archipelago -- Mwali, N'gazidja, Ndzuwani, and Mahore (Mayotte is officially a department of France, but claimed by Comoros); the crescent, stars, and color green are traditional symbols of Islam

flag of Comoros

SEE ALSO
Madagascar

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The Robinson Library >> General and Old World History >> Africa >> Comoros

This page was last updated on 07/06/2017.