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Republic of Cameroon

République du Cameroun

map of Cameroon

Origin of Name derived from Rio de Camarðes (River of Prawns), the name given to River Wouri by Portuguese explorers in the 15th century due to that river's abundance of shrimp

Location western Africa
Bordered By
Nigeria, Chad, Central African Empire, Republic of the Congo, Gabon, Equatorial Guinea

location of Cameroon in Africa

Area 183,569 sq mi (475,442 sq km)
Greatest Distance E-W 450 mi (724 km)
Greatest Distance N-S 770 mi (1,239 km)
Coastline 240 mi (386 km)
Highest Point Mount Cameroon; 13,354 ft (4,070 m)
Lowest Point Atlantic Ocean; 0
ft (0 m)
Natural Resources petroleum, bauxite, iron ore, timber, hydropower

Nationality Cameroonian
Population (July 2015 est)
23,739,218
Largest Cities Douala, Yaoundé
Ethnic Groups Cameroon Highlanders, Equatorial Bantu, Kirdi, Fulani, Northwestern Bantu, Eastern Nigritic, other African
Religions indigenous, Christian, Muslim
Languages English (official), French (official), indigenous

Capital Yaoundé
Form of Government Republic
Present Constitution Adopted May 20, 1972
Chief of State
President Paul Biya (since November 6, 1982)
Head of Government Prime Minister Philemon Yang (since June 20, 2009)
Cabinet Cabinet, appointed by the President
Legislature unicameral National Assembly (Assemblee Nationale)
Judiciary
Supreme Court, High Court of Justice
Administrative Divisions
10 regions

Currency Naira
Per Capita Income
$2,300
Industries petroleum production and refining, aluminum production, food processing, light consumer goods, textiles, lumber, ship repair
Agricultural Products coffee, cocoa, cotton, rubber, bananas, oilseed, grains, root starches; livestock
Export Commodities crude oil and petroleum products, lumber, cocoa beans, aluminum, coffee, cotton
Import Commodities machinery, electrical equipment, transport equipment, fuel, food

Independence French-administered UN Trusteeship Achieved January 1, 1960
National Holiday Republic Day (National Day), May 20 (1972)
Flag red symbolizes unity, yellow the sun, happiness, and the savannahs in the north, and green hope and the forests in the south; the star is referred to as the "star of unity"

flag of Cameroon

SEE ALSO
Nigeria
Chad
Central African Empire
Republic of the Congo
Gabon
Equatorial Guinea

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The Robinson Library >> General and Old World History >> Africa >> Cameroon

This page was last updated on 06/08/2017.