The Robinson Library
The Robinson Library >> Nigeria
Federal Republic of Nigeria

map of Nigeria

Location western Africa
Bordered By
Benin, Niger, Chad, Cameroon

location of Nigeria in Africa

Total Area 356,669 sq mi (923,768 sq km)
Greatest Distance E-W 800 mi (1,287 km)
Greatest Distance N-S 650 mi (1,046 km)
Coastline 530 mi (853 km)
Highest Point Chappal Waddi; 7,936 ft (2,419 m)
Lowest Point Atlantic Ocean; 0
ft (0 m)
Natural Resources natural gas, petroleum, tin, iron ore, coal, limestone, niobium, lead, zinc, arable land

Nationality Nigerian
Population (July 2015 est)
Largest Cities Lagos, Ibadan
Ethnic Groups Hausa, Fulani, Yoruba, Igbo (Ibo), Ijaw, Kanuri, Ibibio, Tiv, other indigenous groups
Religions Muslim, Christian, indigenous
Languages English (official), Hausa, Yoruba, Igbo, Fulani

Capital Abuja
Form of Government Federal Republic
Present Constitution Adopted May 5, 1999
Chief of State and Head of Government
President Muhammadu Buhari (since May 29, 2015)
Cabinet Federal Executive Council
Legislature bicameral National Assembly
Supreme Court
Administrative Divisions
36 states, 1 territory

Currency Naira (NGN)
Per Capita Income
Industries crude oil, coal, tin, columbite, palm oil, peanuts, cotton, rubber, wood, hides and skins, textiles, cement and other construction materials, food products, footwear, chemicals, fertilizer, ceramics, steel, small commercial ship construction and repair
Agricultural Products cocoa, peanuts, palm oil, corn, rice, sorghum, millet, cassava, yams; rubber; cattle, sheep, goats, pigs; fish
Export Commodities petroleum and petroleum products, cocoa, rubber
Import Commodities machinery, chemicals, transport equipment, manufactured goods, food and live animals

Independence From Great Britain Achieved October 1, 1960
National Holiday Independence Day, October 1
Flag The flag of Nigeria was adopted on October 1, 1960, the day that Nigeria gained independence from Great Britain. In 1959, the design was submitted into the national competition by Michael Taiwo Akinkunmi, a student who was studying in England at the time. The original flag design featured a red sun on the white stripe. The flag was chosen as the winner, but the sun was removed. The green symbolizes agriculture and the lush forests of Nigeria, while the white stripe represents peace and unity.

flag of Nigeria

Great Britain

Questions or comments about this page?

The Robinson Library >> Nigeria

This page was last updated on July 12, 2018.