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Republic of Ghana

Location western Africa
Bordered By
Côte d'Ivoire, Burkina Faso, Togo

Ghana's location

map of Ghana

Area 92,100 sq mi (238,537 sq km)
Greatest Distance N-S 445 mi (716 km)
Greatest Distance E-W 310 mi (499 km)
Coastline 335 mi (539 km)
Highest Point Mount Afadjato; 2,903 ft (885 m)
Lowest Point sea level
Natural Resources
gold, timber, industrial diamonds, bauxite, manganese, fish, rubber, hydropower, petroleum, silver, salt, limestone

Nationality Ghanaian
Population
(July 2014 est) 25,758,108
Largest Cities Accra, Kumasi, Sekondi, Tema, Tamale, Cape Coast
Major Ethnic Groups Akan, Mole-Dagbon, Ewe, Ga-Dangme, Gurma, Guan, Grusi, Mande-Busanga
Principal Languages English (official), Ashanti, Ewe, many other indigenous languages
Major Religions Christian, Muslim, traditional

Capital Accra
Form of Government constitutional monarchy
Current Constitution Adopted April 28, 1992
Chief of State and Head of Government
President Nana Addo Dankwa Akufo-Addo (since January 7, 2017)
Cabinet
Council of Ministers
Legislature
unicameral Parliament
Judiciary
Supreme Court, Court of Appeal, High Court, Circuit Court, District Court, regional tribunals
Local Administration
10 regions

Currency cedi
Per Capita Income
$3,500
Industries
mining, lumbering, light manufacturing, aluminum smelting, food processing, cement, small commercial ship building, petroleum
Agricultural Products
cocoa, rice, cassava (manioc, tapioca), peanuts, corn, shea nuts, bananas; timber
Export Commodities
oil, gold, cocoa, timber, tuna, bauxite, aluminum, manganese ore, diamonds, horticultural products
Import Commodities
capital equipment, refined petroleum, foodstuffs

Independence Achieved March 6, 1957
From
United Kingdom
National Holiday
Independence Day; March 6
Flag
red symbolizes the blood shed for independence, yellow represents the country's mineral wealth, while green stands for its forests and natural wealth; the black star is said to be the lodestar of African freedom

flag of Ghana

SEE ALSO
Côte d'Ivoire
Burkina Faso
Togo

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The Robinson Library >> General and Old World History >> Africa >> Ghana

This page was last updated on May 26, 2017.