of records for most games managed by one man, the
most wins as a manager, and the most losses as a
McGillicuddy was born in East Brookfield,
Massachusetts, on December 22, 1862.
Attracted to early forms of
baseball at an early age, he played infield and
outfield positions before becoming the local
team's regular catcher. After the team won the
state championship in 1883, he was signed by
Meriden (Southern New England League) for the
1884 season, where he earned a whopping $90 per
month. He then played two seasons for Hartford
(same league) before being sold to the Washington
Nationals of the National League.
In 1890, Mack was one of the
many supporters of the revolt that led to the
formation of the Players' League. He invested his
entire life savings of $500 with the league and
signed with the Buffalo Bisons that year. The
league failed, and Mack lost his entire
Mack joined the National
League's Pittsburgh Pirates as a player in 1891.
He replaced Al Buckenberger as manager toward the
end of the 1894 season, and acted as
player/manager of the Pirates until 1897. During
Mack's tenure as manager, the Pirates won 149 of
the 289 games they played.
Mack made his last appearance
as an active player on August 29, 1896. In 11
seasons he had played in a total of 162 games,
and achieved a career .245 batting average.
Although he played every position in the majors
except third base and pitcher, he was best known
as a catcher.
In 1897, problems with the Pittsburgh front
office prompted Mack to move to Milwaukee, where
he became manager of that city's Western League
The Western League became the
American League in 1900, and in 1901 Mack was
given the opportunity to organize and manage the
Philadelphia entry in the new league. He went on
to manage the Philadelphia Athletics for the next
50 years, and was sole owner of the team from
1936 to 1954. During his tenure the Athletics
took 9 American League pennants and won the World
Series 5 times. Mack managed the team for a
record 7,466 games, and a record 3,582 wins.
Mack retired as manager of the
Athletics after the 1950 season, but retained
ownership and presidency of the team until 1954.
The team was sold to Arnold Johnson and moved to
Kansas City in 1955.
As a manager, Mack was a legend
in his own time. He was known for never wearing a
uniform on the bench, preferring a business suit,
complete with tie and fedora, instead, and for
always calling his players by their given names,
never by their nicknames. He still holds the
record for most games managed by one man, 7,878;
the most wins as a manager, 3,776; and the most
losses as a manager, 4,025. In 1930, the City of
Philadelphia honored him with its Bok Award,
given annually to the citizen rendering the
greatest service to the city during the previous
year. He was elected by the Veterans Committee
into the Baseball Hall of Fame in 1937.
Connie Mack died in
Philadelphia on February 8, 1956.
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