Local Name Kalaallit Nunaat. Area
840,004 sq mi. Population 57,733. Capital
Nuuk. Form of Government self-governing
overseas administrative division of Denmark.
|Polar Pics, 1957
On December 1, 1959 twelve nations agreed to ban
Antarctic military bases.
|Other Polar News from
Quest for a Northwest Passage
The explorers who
followed Christopher Columbus were more
interested in finding an easy route to Asia than
they were in exploring and settling North
America. So they began to look for a
"Northwest Passage," or waterway, that
would take them around or through the continent.
Reaches the North Pole On February
9, 1960, the nuclear submarine U.S.S. Sargo
surfaced from beneath the ice pack near the North
|Project Lead Dog
In August 1960 a 41-man team traversed over 600
miles of northern Greenland. Its mission was to
experiment with transportation equipment, conduct
weather studies, and map a safe route to the
northernmost part of the world.
led the first voyage through the Northwest
Passage in 1905 and the first party to reach the
South Pole in 1911. In 1926 he became the first
person ever to reach both geographic poles, when
he flew over the North Pole in a dirigible.
|Richard Evelyn Byrd
established the first scientific base in
Antarctica -- Little America -- in 1928. In
November of 1929, he and three others became the
first persons to fly to the South Pole and back.
In 1955 he helped establish the first permanent
U.S. bases in Antarctica.
Henson became the first man to reach
the North Pole by "land" on April 6,
1909, a full 45 minutes before the leader of the
expedition, Robert Peary.
|Robert Edwin Peary
used Eskimo survival techniques to lead the first
successful "overland" expedition to the
North Pole in 1909. He was not, however, the
first to actually reach the pole; that honor went
to his personal assistant Matthew Henson.
from Robert Peary's Expedition to the North Pole
|Robert Falcon Scott
led an exploration of Antarctica in 1902-1904
that reached further south than any other humans,
fixed the position of the South Magnetic Pole,
and undertook other scientific investigations. He
died in 1912, while returning from a failed
attempt to become the first to reach the
geographic South Pole.