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On September 27th...
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1540 The Society of Jesus (Jesuits) was founded by Ignatius Loyola.
1557 Emperor Go-Nara of Japan died.
1590 Pope Urban VII died 13 days after being chosen as the Pope, making his reign the shortest papacy in history.
1601 King Louis XIII of France was born.
1651 Maximilian I, Elector of Bavaria, died.
1660 Vincent de Paul, minister to the poor, died.
1700 Pope Innocent XII died.
1777 British General William Howe occupied Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.
1787 The U.S. Constitution was submitted to the states for ratification.
1792 Caricaturist George Cruikshank was born.
1821 The Mexican Empire declared its independence from Spain.
1822 Jean-François Champollion announced that he has deciphered the Rosetta stone.
1825 The first passenger train in the world was pulled by a locomotive built by George Stephenson.
1827 Hiram Revels, the first black to to be elected to the U.S. Senate, was born.
1840 Alfred T. Mahan,
American naval officer and historian, was born.
1864 The Battle of Pilot Knob (Missouri) was fought.
1876 Confederate General Braxton Bragg died.
1885 Magician Harry Blackstone was born.
1892 Book matches were patented by the Diamond Match Company.
1894 Aqueduct race track opened.
1896 U.S. Senator Sam Ervin was born.
1905 The physics journal Annalen der Physik published Albert Einstein's paper "Does the Inertia of a Body Depend Upon Its Energy Content?", introducing the equation E=mc².
1908 The first Ford Model T left the Piquette Plant in Detroit, Michigan.
1911 Geologist Auguste Michel-Lévy died.
1914 King Carol I of Romania, died.
1917 Painter Edgar Degas died.
1919 The Democratic National Committee voted to allow female members.
1920 Actor William
Conrad was born.
1921 Opera composer Engelbert Humperdinck died.
1928 The Nationalist Republic of China was recognized by the United States.
1933 Actor Greg Morris was born.
1934 Actor Wilford Brimley was born.
1938 The ocean liner Queen Elizabeth was launched at Glasgow.
1940 Germany, Italy, and Japan signed a mutual military aid pact.
1943 Musician Randy Bachman was born.
1944 Evangelist Aimee Semple McPherson died.
1947 Singer Marvin Lee Aday, aka Meat Loaf, was born.
1954 The "Tonight Show," hosted by Steve Allen, premiered.
Bell X-2 that had previously flown faster than and higher
than any plane in the world crashed at Edwards Air Force
Base in California; the pilot was killed.
1958 Six junior and
senior high schools in Norfolk, Virginia, were closed by
"massive resistance" against integration.
1960 Europe's first "moving sidealk" opened at Bank Station on the London (England) Underground.
1961 The James A. Garfield Monument was dedicated
in Elberon, New Jersey.
1964 The findings of the Warren Commission were released.
1965 Actress Clara Bow died.
1968 "Hair" opened in London, England.
1972 Actress Gwyneth Paltrow was born.
1973 Barbra Streisand released "The Way We Were."
1979 The Department of Health, Education, and Welfare was divided by Congress into separate departments of Education and of Health and Human Services.
1981 Actor Robert Montgomery died.
1985 Actor Lloyd Nolan died.
1986 Cliff Burton, bassist in the group Metallica, died in a bus crash.
1987 NFL players went on strike.
1988 The National League for Democracy was founded in Burma.
1989 Sony purchased Columbia Pictures for $3.4 billion cash.
1990 A gunman held 33 peoplehostage in Berkeley, California, and killed 1.
1991 Oona Chaplin, daughter of Eugene O'Neill, died.
1993 Aviator James Doolittle died.
1994 Actress Ruth Niehaus died.
1996 The tanker Julie N. crashed into the Million Dollar Bridge in Portland, Maine, spilling thousands of gallons of oil.
1998 Google was launched.
2002 Timor-Leste (East Timor) joined the United Nations.
2003 Actor Donald O'Connor died.
2008 Zhai Zhigang became the first Chinese astronaut to perform a spacewalk, while flying on Shenzhou 7.
2009 Columnist William Safire died.
2011 Singer Johnny Mathis died.
Nineteen persons were killed and 45 injured in a bus
bombing in Peshawar, Pakistan.
2014 Fifty-seven persons died when Mount Ontake erupted in Japan.
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This page was last updated on September 27, 2017.