On October 20th...
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Architect Christopher Wren was born.
Maria Theresa became ruler of Austria,
Hungary and Bohemia.
1781 The Patent
of Toleration, providing limited freedom of
worship, was approved by the Habsburg Monarchy.
University organized the first astronomical
expedition in the United States.
1803 The U.S. Senate
ratified the Louisiana Purchase treaty.
The German Kingdom of Westphalia was
1817 The first
Mississippi "Showboat" left Nashville
on its maiden voyage.
The 49th parallel was established as the border
between the United States and Canada.
1818 The United States and Great
Britain agreed to joint control of Oregon
Spain sold part of Florida to the United States
for $5 million.
The first edition of the London Sunday Times
Philosopher John Dewey was born.
P. T. Barnum's Hippodrome,
featuring his "Greatest Show on Earth,"
opened in New York City.
1882 Actor Bela
Lugosi was born.
musician Jelly Roll Morton was born.
1890 Explorer Sir Richard Burton
The United States won a dispute over the boundary
between the District of Alaska and Canada.
Dr. Lee DeForest demonstrated his
electrical vacuum tube.
Arlene Francis was born.
Art Buchwald was born.
Eugene V. Debs, labor union organizer and five-time
Socialist Party candidate for President, died.
"Adventures of Sherlock Holmes"
premiered on NBC Radio.
player Mickey Mantle was born.
William Christopher was born.
1935 Mao Tse
Tung and his Communist forces ended their
"Long March" at Yan'an, in Shaanxi,
1935 Actor Jerry Orbach was
Sullivan, teacher who helped Helen Keller learn
to speak, died.
blocks of Cleveland, Ohio, burned after a liquid
gas factory exploded.
U.S. forces under General Douglas MacArthur returned to
Singer-musician Tom Petty was born.
1950 Henry L. Stimson, U.S.
Secretary of War, died.
1960 The first
fully mechanized post office opened in
Providence, Rhode Island.
1963 Jim Brown
set an NFL single-season rushing record -- 1,863
1963 South Africa began its
prosecution of Nelson Mandela and eight others
charged with conspiracy.
1964 A riot at a
Rolling Stones concert in Paris resulted in 150
U.S. President Herbert Hoover died.
Kennedy married Aristotle Onassis.
Snoop Dogg was born.
1973 The OPEC
oil embargo began.
1973 Watergate prosecutor
Archibald Cox was fired.
members of the rock group Lynyrd Skynyrd were
killed in a charter plane crash.
1979 The John F
Kennedy Library was dedicated in Boston.
1989 The U.S.
Senate impeached U.S. District Judge Alcee L.
1994 Actor Burt
Jane Wyatt died.
founder Bob Guccione died.
President Muammar Qadaffi died.
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