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On October 7th...
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1727 William Samuel Johnson, the first president of Columbia College, was born.
1763 King George III of Great Britain issued the Proclamation of 1763, closing lands in North America north and west of the Alleghenies to white settlement.
1765 The Stamp Act Congress convened in New York City.
1777 The Second Battle of Saratoga and the Battle of Bemis Heights were fought.
1780 The Battle of Kings Mountain (North Carolina) was fought.
1792 American politician George Mason died.
1806 Ralph Wedgewood patented carbon paper.
1816 The first double-decked steamboat, the Washington, arrived at New Orleans.
1826 Granite Railway, the first chartered railway in the United States, began operations.
1840 Willem I abdicated as king of the Netherlands.
1856 Cyrus Chambers, Jr. patented a machine for folding book and newspapers.
1864 The Battle of Darbytown Road (Virginia) began.
1868 Cornell University opened its doors.
1885 Physicist Niels Bohr was born.
1886 Spain abolished slavery in Cuba.
1888 American politician Henry A. Wallace was born.
1896 Dr. John Langdon Down, pioneer in the treatment of the mentally impaired, died.
1900 Nazi SS leader Heinrich Himmler was born.
1905 Actor Andy Devine was born.
1912 Fernando Belaúnde Terry, two-time President of Peru, was born.
1913 Henry Ford instituted the moving assembly line.
1916 Georgia Tech, coached by John Heisman, defeated Cumberland 222-0, the most lopsided score in the history of college football.
1917 Actress June Allyson was born.
1919 KLM, Royal Dutch Airlines, was established, making it the oldest still-existing airline.
1925 Baseball player Christy Mathewson died.
1929 Ramsay MacDonald became the first British Prime Minister to address the U.S. Congress.
1935 The United States Supreme Court met in its own building for the first time.
1938 Germany required all Jewish passports be stamped with the letter "J."
1943 National Security Council member Oliver North was born.
1944 Jews interred at Auschwitz-Birkenau concentration camp rebelled and burned down the crematoriums.
1949 The German Democratic Republic was formed from the Russian occupation zone.
1950 U.S. forces invaded
Korea by crossing the 38th parallel.
1951 Singer John Cougar Mellencamp was born.
1952 Russian President Vladimir Putin was born.
1955 Cellist Yo-Yo Ma was born.
1956 Frozen food pioneer Clarence Birdseye died.
The Soviet Union's Luna 3 probe took the first ever views of the dark
side of the Moon.
1965 Robert Mitera aced the 447-yard 10th hole at Miracle Hills in Omaha, Nebraska to score the world's longest straight hole-in-one (until 2007).
1966 Singer Toni Braxton was born.
1968 The Motion Picture Association of America adopted a film rating system.
1976 Singer Taylor Hicks was born.
1982 The musical "Cats" opened at the Winter Garden Theater on Broadway.
1985 The Italian cruise ship Achille Lauro was hijacked by Palestinian terrorists.
Professor Anita Hill accused Supreme Court nominee
Clarence Thomas of making sexually inappropriate comments
1993 Choreographer Agnes de Mille died.
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This page was last updated on September 14, 2017.