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On October 7th...

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1727 William Samuel Johnson, the first president of Columbia College, was born.

1763 King George III of Great Britain issued the Proclamation of 1763, closing lands in North America north and west of the Alleghenies to white settlement.

1765 The Stamp Act Congress convened in New York City.

1777 The Second Battle of Saratoga and the Battle of Bemis Heights were fought.

1780 The Battle of Kings Mountain (North Carolina) was fought.

George Mason1792 American politician George Mason died.

1806 Ralph Wedgewood patented carbon paper.

1816 The first double-decked steamboat, the Washington, arrived at New Orleans.

1826 Granite Railway, the first chartered railway in the United States, began operations.

1840 Willem I abdicated as king of the Netherlands.

James Whitcomb Riley1849 Poet James Whitcomb Riley was born.
Edgar Allan Poe1849 Author Edgar Allan Poe died.

1856 Cyrus Chambers, Jr. patented a machine for folding book and newspapers.

1864 The Battle of Darbytown Road (Virginia) began.

1868 Cornell University opened its doors.

1885 Physicist Niels Bohr was born.

1886 Spain abolished slavery in Cuba.

1888 American politician Henry A. Wallace was born.

1896 Dr. John Langdon Down, pioneer in the treatment of the mentally impaired, died.

1900 Nazi SS leader Heinrich Himmler was born.

1905 Actor Andy Devine was born.

Fernando Belaunde Terry1912 Fernando Belaúnde Terry, two-time President of Peru, was born.

Henry Ford1913 Henry Ford instituted the moving assembly line.

1916 Georgia Tech, coached by John Heisman, defeated Cumberland 222-0, the most lopsided score in the history of college football.

1917 Actress June Allyson was born.

1919 KLM, Royal Dutch Airlines, was established, making it the oldest still-existing airline.

1925 Baseball player Christy Mathewson died.

1929 Ramsay MacDonald became the first British Prime Minister to address the U.S. Congress.

1931 The first infra-red photograph was taken in Rochester, New York.
Desmond Tutu1931 Desmond Mpilo Tutu, South African cleric, was born.
Daniel Chester French1931 Sculptor Daniel Chester French died.

1935 The United States Supreme Court met in its own building for the first time.

1938 Germany required all Jewish passports be stamped with the letter "J."

1943 National Security Council member Oliver North was born.

1944 Jews interred at Auschwitz-Birkenau concentration camp rebelled and burned down the crematoriums.

1949 The German Democratic Republic was formed from the Russian occupation zone.

1950 U.S. forces invaded Korea by crossing the 38th parallel.
Willis Carrier1950 Willis Carrier, the inventor of air conditioning, died.

1951 Singer John Cougar Mellencamp was born.

1952 Russian President Vladimir Putin was born.

1955 Cellist Yo-Yo Ma was born.

Clarence Birdseye1956 Frozen food pioneer Clarence Birdseye died.

Luna 31959 The Soviet Union's Luna 3 probe took the first ever views of the dark side of the Moon.
Cacareco1959 Voters in São Paulo showed their displeasure with all 540 candidates for the 45-seat city council by casting their ballots for a rhinoceros.
1959 Former "American Idol" judge Simon Cowell was born.

1965 Robert Mitera aced the 447-yard 10th hole at Miracle Hills in Omaha, Nebraska to score the world's longest straight hole-in-one (until 2007).

1966 Singer Toni Braxton was born.

1968 The Motion Picture Association of America adopted a film rating system.

1976 Singer Taylor Hicks was born.

1982 The musical "Cats" opened at the Winter Garden Theater on Broadway.

1985 The Italian cruise ship Achille Lauro was hijacked by Palestinian terrorists.

1991 Law Professor Anita Hill accused Supreme Court nominee Clarence Thomas of making sexually inappropriate comments to her.
1991 Baseball player Leo Durocher died.

1993 Choreographer Agnes de Mille died.

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The Robinson Library >> On This Day

This page was last updated on September 14, 2017.