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On October 1st...
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1781 American naval hero James Lawrence was born.
1800 Spain ceded Louisiana to France.
1814 The Congress of Vienna opened.
1867 Karl Marx published Das Kapital.
1888 The first issue of National Geographic was published.
U.S. Weather Service was created by Congress.
1891 Stanford University opened its doors.
1892 The University of Chicago opened its doors.
1896 Free rural mail delivery of mail began in the United States.
1903 The first baseball World Series game was played.
1907 Alexander Graham Bell, Thomas Selfridge, and three others formed the Aerial Experiment Association in order to further research into manned flight.
1908 The first "Model T" Ford went on the market.
1918 Arab and British forces commanded by Lawrence of Arabia captured Damascus from Turkish forces.
1924 James Earl Carter, 39th President of the United States, was born.
1936 General Francisco Franco was named head of the rebel Nationalist government in Spain.
1940 The first toll road in the U.S., the Pennsylvania Turnpike, opened.
1942 The Little Golden Books series began publication.
1945 The U.S. Office of Strategic Services (OSS) was disbanded.
The final verdicts in the Nuremberg War Crimes Trials were released.
1949 The People's Republic of China was proclaimed.
1955 "Honeymooners" premiered.
1957 The International Atomic Energy Agency's first general conference opened in Vienna.
Australia "took possession of" Christmas Island.
1960 Nigeria became independent of Great Britain.
1962 Johnny Carson began his "reign" as host of "The Tonight Show."
1967 Pink Floyd began its first U.S. tour.
1969 The Concorde made its first supersonic flight.
1971 Walt Disney World opened.
1972 Anthropologist Louis S.B. Leakey died.
1977 The U.S. Department of Energy was created.
1978 The Ellice Islands became the independent nation of Tuvalu.
1979 The United States formally returned control over the Panama Canal Zone to Panama.
1982 EPCOT Center opened in Orlando, Florida.
1995 The New York Yankees won the first baseball wildcard game ever played.
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This page was last updated on July 15, 2017.