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On November 12th...
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1815 American social reformer Elizabeth Cady Stanton was born.
1820 José de San Martín captured Huacho, Peru.
1840 Sculptor François-Auguste-René Rodin was born.
1842 Physicist John William Strutt was born.
1846 William T.G. Morton and Charles T. Jackson were granted a patent for the use of sulfuric ether as an anesthetic.
1847 Sir James Young Simpson became the first to use chloroform as an anaesthetic.
1859 Jules Leotard performed the first ever flying trapeze act.
1892 William "Pudge" Heffelfinger became the first professional football player when Pittsburghs Allegheny Athletic Association paid him $500 to play in a game against the Pittsburgh Athletic Club.
1906 Alberto Santos-Dumont became the first person to set an aviation record in Europe.
1911 Wilbur Dorsey Clayton, American jazz musician, was born.
1912 The bodies of the members of Scott's Antarctic expedition were found.
Great Britain annexed the Gilbert and Ellice Islands.
1918 Austria became a republic.
1929 Actress Grace Kelly was born.
Richard Rogers Bawker, editor, author, and publisher,
1935 Egas Moniz performed the world's first prefontal lobotomy.
1936 The San Francisco-Oakland Bay Bridge opened to traffic.
1942 The Battle of Guadalcanal began.
1945 Musician Neil Young was born.
1946 The first drive-up bank window was opened by the Exchange National Bank in Chicago.
1948 Japanese premier Hideki Tojo was sentenced to death by a war crimes tribunal.
1954 The U.S. immigration processing center on Ellis Island closed.
1961 Nadia Comaneci, Olympic gymnast, was born.
1966 A total eclipse of the Sun was widely observed, and studied, in South America.
1980 Voyager 1 made its closest approach to Saturn.
1981 The Double Eagle 2 completed the first ever balloon crossing of the Pacific Ocean.
1984 Space shuttle astronauts carried out the first ever "space salvage" operation.
1986 Former Nazi official Erich Koch died.
1988 Lyman Louis Lemnitzer, U.S. and NATO General, died.
1990 Tim Berners-Lee published a formal proposal for creation of a "World Wide Web."
1995 Chris Hadfield became the first Canadian to go into space.
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