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On May 23rd...

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1052 King Philippe I of France was born.

1059 Henri I crowned his son King Philip I of France.

1430 Joan of Arc was captured at Compiegne and sold to the English.

1493 Kings Charles VIII of France and Maximilian I of Austria signed the Peace of Senlis.

1536 Pope Paul III installed the Portuguese Inquisition.

1544 Holy Roman Emperor Charles V recognized King Christian III of Denmark.

1555 Giampietro Caraffa was elected Pope Paul IV.

1568 The Netherlands declared its independence from Spain.

1611 Matthias von Habsburg was chosen King of Bohemia.

1701 Pirate Captain William Kidd was executed.

Carolus Linnaeus1707 Botanist Carolus Linnaeus was born.

Franz Anton Mesmer1734 Franz Anton Mesmer, pioneer in the field of hypnotism, was born.

Baal Shem-Tov1760 Baal Shem-Tov, founder of Hasidism, died.

South Carolina1788 South Carolina became the eighth state to ratify the Constitution.

George Brydges Rodney1792 British Admiral George Brydges Rodney died.

Simon Bolivar1813 Simón Bolivar entered Mérida, Venezuela, and was proclaimed "The Liberator."

1824 Ambrose E. Burnside, Union general, was born.

1825 Author Mason Locke Weems died.

Otto Lilienthal1848 Aviation pioneer Otto Lilienthal was born.

1853 Buenos Aires gained independence from Argentina.

1861 Virginia citizens voted 3-to-1 in favor of secession from the Union.

1863 The Seventh-Day Adventist Church was organized in Battle Creek, Michigan.

Kit Carson1868 Christopher "Kit" Carson, fur trapper, scout, soldier, and Indian fighter, died.

1873 The first Preakness Stakes race was run.
Royal Canadian Mounted Police1873 Canada formed the North WestMounted Police Force.
1873 Aviation pioneer Jacob M. Moellendick was born.

Douglas Fairbanks1883 Actor Douglas Fairbanks was born.

1885 Author Victor Hugo died.

1887 The first transcontinental train arrived in Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada.

1900 Associated Press News Service was organized in New York.

1903 The first automobile trip across the United States, from San Francisco to New York City, began.
1903 The first direct primary election law in the United States was adopted by Wisconsin.

1906 Playwright Henrik Ibsen died.

1910 Jazz musician Scatman Crothers was born.
1910 Big band leader Artie Shaw was born.

1915 Italy declared war on Austria-Hungary.

1922 Walt Disney incorporated Laugh-O-Gram Films.

1923 Belgium's SABENA airline began operation with a flight from Brussels to Lympne, England.

1926 Hack Wilson became the first to hit a home run off the Wrigley Field scoreboard.

1928 Singer Rosemary Clooney was born.

1931 Actress Barbara Barrie was born.

1933 Actress Joan Collins was born.

1934 Bonnie and Clyde were shot and killed by a posse.
1934 Robert Moog, inventor of the synthesizer, was born.

1937 Industrialist John D. Rockefeller, died.

Joe Louis1941 Joe Louis successfully defended his heavyweight boxing title against Buddy Baer.

1944 Tennis player Thomas Newcombe was born.

1945 Heinrich Himmler, Adolf Hitler's second in command, committed suicide.

1949 The Federal Republic of Germany was proclaimed.

1954 Boxer Marvin Hagler was born.

Explorer I1958 Explorer I, the first artificial satellite to be launched by the United States, transmitted its last "message."
1958 Comic actor Drew Carey was born.
1958 Country singer Shelly West was born.

Scott Carpenter1962 Scott Carpenter orbited Earth three times in Aurora 7.

1966 The Beatles released "Paperback Writer."

1969 The Who released the rock opera Tommy.

1971 The rock group Iron Butterfly officially disbanded.

1974 Singer Jewel was born.

1975 Comedian Moms Mabley died.

1995 Football player Dan Fortmann died.

1999 Wrestler Owen Hart died.

2002 Golfer Sam Snead died.

2006 Lloyd Bentsen, Jr., U.S. Senator and Secretary of the Treasury, died.

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This page was last updated on January 24, 2017.