|THE ROBINSON LIBRARY|
|The Robinson Library
>> On This Day
On March 31st...
links will open in a new window
1499 Giovanni di Angelo de' Medici, the future Pope Pius IV, was born.
1519 King Henri II of France was born.
1547 Henri II succeeded Francois I as King of France.
1596 Philosopher-scientist René Descartes was born.
1621 King Philip III of Spain died.
1651 Cuzco, Peru, was struck by a major earthquake.
1657 The English Parliament offered the crown to Lord Protector Oliver Cromwell; he refused.
1675 Prospero Lorenzo Lambertini, the future Pope Benedict XIV, was born.
1732 Composer Franz Joseph Haydn was born.
1745 Jews were expelled from Prague.
1808 The Kingdom of Westphalia ordered Jews to adopt family names.
1809 Edward FitzGerald, English translator of the Rubáiyát, was born.
1811 Chemist Robert Wilhelm Bunsen was born.
1814 Russian forces led by Tsar Alexander I captured Paris, France.
1842 U.S. Congressman Jeremiah "Sockless Jerry" Simpson was born.
1854 Commodore Matthew C. Perry negotiated the first treaty between the United States and Japan.
1855 Author Charlotte Brontë died.
1880 Wabash, Indiana, became the first town to be completely illuminated by electric lighting.
1889 The Eiffel Tower was dedicated in Paris, France.
1913 Financier J.P. Morgan died.
1918 Daylight Saving Time went into effect in the United States.
1927 Cesar Chavez, founder of the United Farm Workers, was born.
1928 Hockey player Gordie Howe was born.
1929 Fashion designer Liz Claiborne was born.
1930 The Motion Pictures Production Code was instituted.
1931 Notre Dame football coach Knute Rockne was killed in a plane crash.
1933 The Civilian Conservation Corps was created.
1934 Actress Shirley Jones was born.
musician Herb Alpert was born.
1938 Football player Jimmy Johnson was born.
1943 Actor Christopher Walken was born.
1945 Actor Gabe Kaplan was born.
1948 Al Gore, Jr., U.S. Congressman, Senator,
and Vice-President, was born.
1949 Newfoundland became the 19th province of Canada.
1953 The U.S. Department of Health, Education, and Welfare was established.
1955 AC/DC guitarist Angus Young was born.
1970 Explorer I, the first United States satellite, fell out of earth orbit.
1980 Jesse Owens, Olympic track star, died.
1981 Author Enid Bagnold died.
1991 Edwin Herbert Land, inventor of Polaroid film and the Polaroid Land camera, died.
1992 The USS Missouri, the battleship upon which the Allies received Japan's unconditional surrender at the end of World War II, was decommissioned.
1997 Pioneer 10's science mission officially ended.
1998 Bella Abzug, U.S. Congresswoman, died.
This page was last updated on March 30, 2017.