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On March 23rd...
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1657 France and England formed an alliance against Spain.
1775 Patrick Henry declared "Give me liberty, or give me death!"
1783 American revolutionary spokesman James Otis died.
1794 Josiah Pierson patented a "cold-header" (rivet) machine.
1806 The Lewis and Clark Expedition reached the Pacific coast.
1818 Union Army General Don Carlos Buell was born.
1823 American politician Schuyler Colfax was born.
1839 "OK" ("oll korrect") was used for the first time in the Boston Morning Post.
Elisha Otis installed the first modern passenger elevator
at 488 Broadway in New York City, New York.
1858 Eleazer A. Gardner patented the streetcar.
1867 The U. S. Congress passed the 2nd Reconstruction Act over President Andrew Johnson's veto.
1868 The University of California was founded in Oakland..
1880 John Stevens patented the flour rolling mill.
Seventy persons were killed when a gas lamp set fire to
an opera house in Nice, France.
1889 Oklahoma Territory was opened to white colonization.
1903 The Wright Brothers patented their airplane.
1905 Actress Joan Crawford was born.
Dixie Cup was invented.
1919 Benito Mussolini formed the Fascist Movement in Milan, Italy.
first airplane landed at the U.S. Capitol.
1925 Tennessee became the first state to outlaw the teaching of evolution.
first telephone was installed in the White House.
1940 "Truth or Consequences" debuted on CBS Radio.
1942 The United States ordered the detention of Japanese-Americans.
1945 1,500 U.S. Navy ships bombarded the Japanese island of Okinawa.
1946 Oklahoma State defeated North Carolina 43-40 for the NCAA Men's Basketball Championship.
1948 Kentucky defeated Baylor 58-42 for the NCCA Men's Basketball Championship.
1949 Singer Ric Ocasek was born.
1950 The World Meteorological Organization was created.
1955 Basketball player Moses Malone was born.
Pakistan declared itself a republic.
1957 North Carolina defeated Kansas 54-53 for the NCAA Men's Basketball Championship.
1959 Nine coal miners died after an explosion 4,000 feet from the mine entrance, near Robbins, Tennessee.
1962 The world's first nuclear merchant ship, NS Savannah, put to sea for the first time under nuclear power.
1963 Loyola defeated Cincinnati 60-58 for the NCAA Men's Basketball Championship.
1965 Astronauts Virgil Grissom and John Young made the first Project Gemini manned flight.
1967 A military coup deposed the government of Sierra Leone Prime Minister Siaka P. Stevens.
1968 UCLA defeated North Carolina 78-55 for the NCAA Men's Basketball Championship.
1971 The Boston Patriots became the New England Patriots.
1976 The International Bill of Rights went into effect.
1979 Larry Homes TKO'd Osvaldo Ocasio in the 7th round for the heavyweight boxing title.
1982 A Guatemalan military coup led by General Rios Montt ousted President Romeo Lucas.
1987 The soap opera "Bold and Beautiful" premiered on CBS-TV.
1991 Twenty tornadoes killed 5 persons in Tennessee.
1994 A Russian Airbus A-310 crashed in Siberia, killing 75 persons.
1996 Taiwan held its first direct elections.
1999 Gunmen assassinated Paraguay's Vice-President Luis Maria Argaņa.
2001 The Soviet space station Mir was deliberately de-orbited.
2005 An explosion at the Texas City (Texas) Refinery killed 15 workers.
2011 Actress Elizabeth Taylor died.
2013 A tornado killed 20 persons and injured 200 in Brahmanbaria, Bangladesh.
Baseball player Joe Garagiola died.
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This page was last updated on March 22, 2018.