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On March 23rd...
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1657 France and England formed an alliance against Spain.
1775 Patrick Henry declared "Give me liberty, or give me death!"
1783 American revolutionary spokesman James Otis died.
1794 Josiah Pierson patented a "cold-header" (rivet) machine.
1806 The Lewis and Clark Expedition reached the Pacific coast.
1818 Union Army General Don Carlos Buell was born.
1823 American politician Schuyler Colfax was born.
1839 "OK" ("oll korrect") was used for the first time in the Boston Morning Post.
1858 Eleazer A. Gardner patented the streetcar.
1867 The U.S. Congress passed the 2nd Reconstruction Act over President Andrew Johnson's veto.
1868 The University of California was founded.
1880 John Stevens patented the flour rolling mill.
1881 Novelist Roger Martin du Gard was born.
1889 Oklahoma Territory was opened to white colonization.
1903 The Wright Brothers patented their airplane.
1905 Actress Joan Crawford was born.
Dixie Cup was invented.
1919 Benito Mussolini formed the Fascist Movement in Milan, Italy.
first airplane landed at the U.S. Capitol.
1925 Tennessee became the first state to outlaw the teaching of evolution.
first telephone was installed in the White House.
1940 "Truth or Consequences" debuted on CBS Radio.
1942 The United States ordered the detention of Japanese-Americans.
1945 1,500 U.S. Navy ships bombed the Japanese island of Okinawa.
1949 Singer Ric Ocasek was born.
1950 The World Meteorological Organization was created.
1955 Basketball player Moses Malone was born.
1956 Pakistan declared itself a republic.
1965 Astronauts Virgil Grissom and John Young made the first Project Gemini manned flight.
1971 The Boston Patriots became the New England Patriots.
1976 The International Bill of Rights went into effect.
1987 The soap opera "Bold and Beautiful" premiered on CBS-TV.
2001 The Soviet space station Mir was deliberately de-orbited.
2011 Actress Elizabeth Taylor died.
This page was last updated on March 22, 2017.