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On March 21st...

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1413 Henry V became King of England.

1556 Thomas Cranmer, the first Protestant Archbishop of Canterbury, died.

Pocahontas1617 Indian "princess" Pocahontas died.

1685 Composer Johann Sebastian Bach was born.

1791 Captain Hopley Yeaton of New Hampshire became the first commissioned officer in the U.S. Navy.

1806 Benito Juárez, Mexican political leader, was born.

1839 Composer Modest Mussorgsky was born.

1859 The Philadelphia Zoological Society was incorporated, making it the first zoo in America.

1866 The U.S. Congress authorized national soldiers' homes.

1868 The first U.S. professional women's club, Sorosis, formed in New York City.

1871 Otto von Bismarck was appointed Chancellor of Germany.

Ulysses Grant1874 President Ulysses Grant's daughter Nellie got married in the White House.

1907 The United States invaded Honduras.

1916 Criminal Cole Younger died.

1917 Loretta Walsh became the U.S. Navy's first female Petty Officer.

1924 Mass Investors Trust became the first mutual fund set up in the United States.

1935 Persia was officially renamed Iran.

1939 Kate Smith recorded "God Bless America."

1942 The "Flying Tigers" were incorporated into the U.S. Army Air Force.

1944 Actor Timothy Dalton was born.

President Harry Truman1947 President Harry Truman signed Executive Order 9835 requiring all federal employees to swear allegiance to the United States.

1948 "Stop the Music" with Bert Parks premiered on ABC Radio.

1949 Musician Eddie Money was born.

1951 Julius and Ethel Rosenberg were convicted of espionage.

1952 The first rock and roll concert in America, the Moondog Coronation Ball, was hosted by DJ Alan Freed, in Cleveland, Ohio.

1959 Barthélémy Boganda, Premier of the Central African Republic, was killed in an airplane crash about 100 miles south of Bagui.

1962 Actor Matthew Broderick was born.
1962 Comedienne Rosie O'Donnell was born.
1962 Taco Bell was founded.

1963 Alcatraz Federal Penitentiary was officially closed.

1965 Dr. Martin Luther King led 3,000 demonstrators on a march from Selma to Montgomery, Alabama.

1970 The first Earth Day proclamation was issued by San Francisco Mayor Joseph Alioto.

1979 The Egyptian Parliament unanimously approved a peace treaty with Israel.

1980 President Jimmy Carter announced that the United States would not participate in the Summer Olympic Games in Moscow.
1980 The television series "Dallas" ended the season by having chief antagonist J.R. Ewing shot by an unknown assailant.

1984 NFL owners voted to implement a "no celebrating" rule.
1984 Part of New York City's Central Park was renamed Strawberry Fields in honor of John Lennon.

1985 Actor Michael Redgrave died.

Leo Fender1991 Electric guitar pioneer Leo Fender died.

1994 Actor Macdonald Carey died.

1999 Bertrand Piccard and Brian Jones became the first to circumnavigate the Earth in a hot air balloon.

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The Robinson Library >> On This Day

This page was last updated on March 20, 2017.