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On March 12th...
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1609 Bermuda became an English colony.
1755 The first steam engine in America was installed, to pump water from a mine.
1773 Jeanne Baptiste Pointe de Sable founded a settlement on the site of what is now Chicago.
1795 Canadian politician William Mackenzie was born.
1801 Tsar Paul I of Russia was assassinated.
1821 John J.C. Abbott, Prime Minister of Canada, was born.
1831 Manufacturer Clement Studebaker was born.
1838 Chemist William Henry Perkin was born.
1858 Newspaper publisher Adolph S. Ochs was born.
1863 Poet Gabriele d' Annunzio was born.
1867 The last French troops left Mexico.
1868 The United Kingdom annexed Basutoland (now Lesotho).
1881 Kemal Ataturk, President of Turkey, was born.
1884 Mississippi established the first state college for women.
1893 Christian K. Nelson, inventor of the Eskimo Pie, was born.
1894 Coca-Cola was sold in bottles for the first time, in Vickburg, Mississippi.
1902 John Porter Altgeld, Governor of Illinois, died.
1910 Masayoshi Ohira, Prime Minister of Japan, was born.
1912 Juliette Gordon Low founded the Girl Scout movement in the United States.
1914 George Westinghouse, inventor of railroad air brakes and promoter of AC electricity, died.
1922 Author Jack Kerouac was born.
1923 Astronaut Wally Schirra was born.
first transatlantic radio broadcast was made.
1928 Astronaut Frank Borman was born.
1930 Mohandas Gandhi began a 200-mile march protesting a British salt tax.
1932 Andrew Young, Jr., U.S. Congressman, Ambassador to the United Nations, and Mayor of Atlanta, Georgia, was born.
1933 President Franklin Roosevelt conducted his first "Fireside Chat."
1946 Singer Liza Minnelli was born.
President Harry Truman announced the Truman Doctrine.
1948 Singer James Taylor was born.
1955 Jazz musician Charlie "Bird" Parker died.
1957 Billionaire Howard Hughes married actress Jean Peters.
1959 The U.S. House of Representatives passed the Hawaii Statehood Act.
1960 The murder trial of Bernard Finch and Carole Tregoff ended with a hung jury.
1962 Baseball player Darryl Strawberry was born.
1970 The voting age in the United States was lowered from 21 to 18.
1985 Conductor Eugene Ormandy died.
1987 College football coach Woody Hayes died.
1991 Thomas LeRoy Collins, Governor of Florida, died.
1994 The Church of England ordained its first women priests.
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This page was last updated on July 19, 2017.