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On June 23rd...
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930 Iceland's Althing (Parliament), was established.
1298 Duke Albrecht von Habsburg was crowned King of Germany.
1532 Kings Henry VIII of England and Francois I of France signed a secret treaty against Emperor Charles V.
1683 William Penn signed a friendship treaty with the Lenni Lenapi.
1724 Russia and Turkey signed the Treaty of Constantinople.
1757 Robert Clive defeated an army led by Suraja Dowlaat Plassey to win control of Bengal.
1763 Josephine de Beauharnais Bonaparte, the first wife of Napoleon Bonaparte, was born.
1776 The final draft of the Declaration of Independence was submitted to Continental Congress.
1794 Empress Catherine II of Russia granted Jews permission to settle in Kiev.
1810 John Jacob Astor organized the Pacific Fur Company.
1860 The U. S. Government Printing Office was created.
1868 Christopher Latham Sholes patented a "type-writer."
1875 Sculptor Carl Milles was born.
1876 Humorist Irvin S. Cobb was born.
1888 Frederick Douglass became the first black to be nominated for U. S. President.
1893 Aline Terry defeated Augusta Schultz for the U. S. Women's National Championship.
1894 The International Olympic
Committee was formed.
1898 Emilio Aguinaldo issued a decree naming himself President of the Philippines.
1900 Myrtle McAteer defeated Edith Parker for the U. S. Women's National Championship.
1906 Helen Homans defeated Maud Barger-Wallach for the U. S. Women's National Championship.
1908 Shah Mohammed Ali led a successful counter-revolution in Persia.
1913 William P. Rogers, U. S. Attorney General and Secretary of State, was born.
1917 An ammunition factory exploded
in Boleweg, Bohemia, killing 1,000 people.
1919 The Universal Negro Improvement Association was incorporated.
1922 Walter Hagen won the British Golf Open.
1925 A British warship fired on Hong Kong Harbor strikers.
1926 The College Board administered the first SAT exam in the United States.
1927 Choreographer Bob Fosse was born.
1929 Singer June Carter Cash was born.
1938 The U. S. Civil Aeronautics
Authority was established.
1939 The U. S. Coast Guard Reserve was created by Congress.
1940 Track star Wilma Rudolph was born.
1944 Four tornadoes struck the Appalachia region of the United States, killing 153 persons.
1945 Eddie Arcaro rode Pavot to victory in the Belmont Stakes.
1946 A group of white men attacked
Indian Passive Resisters in South Africa.
1947 The U. S. Congress overrode
President Harry Truman'sveto of the Taft-Hartley Act.
1948 U.S. Supreme Court Justice Clarence Thomas was born.
1949 A Dutch Constellation plunged
into the sea near Bari, Italy, killing 33 persons.
1956 Gamal Abdel Nasser was elected President of Egypt.
1957 A Pacific Western
airliner crashed while attempting to make an emergency
return to Port Hardy, British Columbia, Canada, killing
14 of the 18 persons aboard.
1958 The Foundation Prĉmium Erasmianum (Erasmus Prize) was established.
1961 A mine at Petros, Tennessee, collapsed, killing 3 men.
1963 Julius Boros won the U. S. Golf Open.
1965 The home of Warren and Florence Harding was designated as a National Historic Landmark.
1967 The U. S. Senate censured Thomas J. Dodd.
1968 A stampede towards a closed exit in a Buenos Aires, Argentina, football stadium killed 74 persons and injured 150 others.
1969 Warren Earl Burger was sworn in as Chief Justice of the United States.
1973 The World Court condemned French nuclear tests in the Pacific.
1974 Sandra Haynie won the LPGA Championship.
1975 Lou Graham won the U. S. Golf Open.
1976 CCN Tower, the world's tallest
free-standing structure, opened in Toronto, Canada.
1981 Amanda Maccaro became the first American to win the Russian Ballet Companion.
1985 A bomb destroyed an Air India Boeing 707 in the air near Ireland, killing 329 persons.
1990 Moldavia declared its independence.
1991 A Mazda became the first Japanese car to win the 24-hour race at Le Mans, France.
1993 Nigerian dictator General Ibrahim Babangida annulled the results of the presidential elections.
1994 South Africa reclaimed its seat
in the United Nations.
1995 Jonas Salk, developer of the first polio vaccine, died.
2000 The bulk ore carrier MV Treasure sank off the western coast of South Africa.
2005 The San Antonio Spurs defeated the Detroit Pistons for the NBA Championship.
2009 Television and
film producer Aaron Spelling died.
2011 Actor Peter Falk died.
2013 Gunmen stormed a hotel near Nanga Parbat, Pakistan, and killed 9 tourists and 1 tour guide.
2016 A ceasefire
agreement was signed by the Colombian government and Farc
rebels, ending more than 50 years of conflict.
2017 A landslide killed 15 persons in Xinmo, Sichuan, China.
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This page was last updated on June 22, 2018.