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On June 20th...

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1214 The University of Oxford was chartered.

1633 Lord Cecil Baltimore was granted a charter for what is now Maryland.

1779 The Battle of Stone Ferry was fought.

1782 Congress adopted the design for the Great Seal of the United States.

1787 Oliver Ellsworth moved at the Federal Convention to call the government the United States.

1791 King Louis XVI was caught attempting to flee the French Revolution.

Eli Whitney1793 Eli Whitney applied for a patent on the cotton gin.

SS Savannah1819 The SS Savannah arrived at Liverpool, England, becoming the first steamship to cross the Atlantic.
1819
Composer Jacques Offenbach was born.

1837 The world's first postage stamp was isued by Great Britain.
Queen Victoria1837 Victoria became Queen of Great Britain.

Samuel F.B. Morse1840 Samuel F.B. Morse patented the telegraph.

1863 West Virginia became the 35th state.

Purchase of Alaska1867 President Andrew Johnson announced the purchase of Alaska from Russia.
Porfirio Diaz1867 Mexican forces led by Porfírio Díaz recaptured Mexico City and ended the French presence in Mexico.

1874 The first U.S. Lifesaving Medal was awarded, to Lucian Clemons.

Antonio Lopez de Santa Anna1876 Mexican leader Antonio López de Santa Anna died.

1893 Lizzie Borden was acquitted of the murders of her parents.

1895 Caroline Willard Baldwin became the first woman to earn a PhD from an American university.

1901 Charlotte Manye became the first African-born person to graduate from an American college.

Henry Worrall1902 Illustrator Henry Worrall died.

1909 Actor Erroll Flynn was born.

1910 "Krazy Kat" comic strip by George Herriman debuted in the New York Journal.

1924 Guitarist Chet Atkins was born.
1924 War hero-turned-actor Audie Murphy was born.

Mordecai Johnson1926 Mordecai W. Johnson became the first black president of Howard University.

Charles Conrad1930 Astronaut Charles "Pete" Conrad was born.

1931 Actress Olympia Dukakis was born.
1931 Actor Martin Landau was born.

1933 Actor Danny Aiello was born.

1935 Football player Len Dawson was born.

Ulf Merbold1941 German astronaut Ulf Merbold was born.

1942 Singer Brian Wilson was born.

1943 The National Congress of Racial Equality (CORE) was founded.

1944 U.S. forces defeated Japanese forces in the Battle of the Philippine Sea.
1944 The Central Intelligence Agency was chartered by Congress.

1945 Singer Anne Murphy was born.

1946 Television personality Bob Vila was born.

1947 Mobster Bugsy Siegel was murdered in Las Vegas.

1948 "Toast of the Town," hosted by Ed Sullivan, premiered on CBS-TV.

1949 Singer Lionel Richie was born.

1952 Actor John Goodman was born.

1967 Muhammad Ali was convicted of refusing induction into the armed services.
1967 Actress Nicole Kidman was born.

1988 The U.S. Supreme Court upheld a law that made it illegal for private clubs to discriminate against women and minorities.

1991 The German parliament voted to move the capital from Bonn back to Berlin.

1994 O.J. Simpson was arraigned for the murders of Nicole Simpson and Ronald Goldman.

Jack St. Clair Kilby2005 Jack St. Clair Kilby, inventor of the integrated circuit, died.

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The Robinson Library --> On This Day

This page was last updated on February 25, 2017.