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On June 12th...
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Independence Day (Philippines)
816 Pope Leo III died.
1442 King Alfonso V of Aragon occupied Naples.
1665 New Amsterdam formally became the English colony of New York.
1701 The Act of Settlement gave the English crown to Sophia, Princess of Hanover.
1776 The Virginia Constitutional Convention adopted a Declaration of Rights.
1787 The United States Congress passed a law stating that a Senator must be at least 30 years old.
1792 Captain George Vancouver discovered the site of what is now Vancouver, British Columbia.
1806 Bridge designer John A. Roebling was born.
1819 Dutch colonial
troops were driven out of Palembang, Sumatra.
1830 French soldiers landed at Sidi Ferruch, Algeria.
1838 The Territory of
Iowa was organized.
1840 A meteorite hit Uden, Netherlands.
1849 Lewis Haslett patented the gas mask.
1851 Physicist Oliver Lodge was born.
1867 The Austro-Hungarian Empire was formed.
1875 Bobby Swim rode Calvin to victory in the Belmont Stakes.
1880 John Lee Richmond pitched the first ever perfect game.
1889 A train crash at Armagh, Ireland, killed 88 persons.
1894 J. H. Taylor won the British Golf Open.
1896 Nazi official Erich Koch was born.
1897 An earthquake
killed about 1,500 people in Assam, India.
1898 The Philippines proclaimed its independence from Spanish rule.
1899 A tornado killed 117 persons in New Richmond, Wisconsin.
1901 The Cuban Constitutional Convention adopted the Platt Amendment.
1903 The Sigma Alpha Iota International Music Fraternity was founded at the University of Michigan School of Music.
1917 King Constantine
of Greece abdicated.
1920 The Farmer Labor Party was
organized in Chicago, Illinois.
1923 Harry Houdini freed himself from a straight jacket while suspended upside down 40 feet above the ground in New York City, New York.
1924 George H. W. Bush, 41st President of the United States, was born.
1925 William DeHart Hubbard set a long jump record of 25 feet 10¾ inches.
1926 Albert Johnson rode Crusader to victory in the Belmont Stakes.
1929 Anne Frank, of The Diary of Anne Frank "fame," was born.
1930 Bobby Jones won
the U. S. Golf Open.
1931 Al Capone was indicted on 5,000 counts of prohibition and perjury.
Huey Long of Louisiana spoke continually for 15½ hours
in the U. S. Senate's longest speech on record.
1937 Ralph Guldahl won the U. S. Golf Open.
1939 The Baseball Hall of Fame opened
in Cooperstown, New York.
1942 A tornado killed 35 persons in Oklahoma City, Oklahoma.
1944 The first V-1 flying bomb attack was carried out on London, England.
1945 The U. S. Marines 7th Regiment conquered the summit of Kunishi Ridge on Okinawa.
1947 Babe Didrikson became the first American to win the British Women's Amateur Golf Championship.
1948 Ben Hogan won the U. S. Golf Open.
1950 Two Air France DC-4s collided near Bahrain, killing about 100 people.
1954 Eric Guerin rode High Gun to victory in the Belmonst Stakes.
1955 The last new episode of "Mr. Peepers" aired on NBC-TV.
II, a replica of the original Mayflower,
arrived at Provincetown, Massachusetts, 53 days after
leaving Plymouth, England.
1963 Civil rights leader Medgar W. Evers was killed by a sniper's bullet outside his Jackson, Mississippi, home.
1964 Nelson Mandela, the
leader of the African National Congress (ANC) in South
Africa, Nelson Mandela, was jailed for life for sabotage.
1965 Morio Shigematsu ran a marathon in the record time of 2 hours 12 minutes.
1967 The U. S.
Supreme Court unanimously ended laws against interracial
marriages. U. S. Supreme Court Associate Justice Tom C.
1968 The movie Rosemary's Baby was released.
1973 A car bomb planted by the Provisional Irish Republican Army killed 6 Protestant civilians and wounded 33 others in Coleraine, County Londonderry, Ireland.
1977 Chako Higuchi won the LPGA Championship.
Berkowitz, aka "Son of Sam," was sentenced to 547 years in prison after having pleaded guilty
to six murders and seven attempted murders.
1979 The Gossamer Albatross became the
first human-powered aircraft to cross the English
1981 The movie Indiana
Jones and the Raiders of the Lost Ark was released.
1983 Patty Sheehan won the LPGA Championship.
U.S. President Ronald Reagan
gave a speech in Berlin in which he delivered the line
"Mr. Gorbachevv, tear down this wall!"
1991 Boris Yeltsin became the first popularly elected President of
1994 Moshood Abiola declared himself the lawful President of Nigeria.
1997 The US Treasury Department unveiled a new $50 bill with a security thread which glows yellow under ultraviolet light making the bill more counterfeit-resistant.
1999 A NATO-led United Nations peacekeeping force entered Kosovo.
2000 Sandro Rosa do Nascimento took hostages while robbing a bus in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.
2002 The Los Angeles Lakers defeated
the New Jersey Nets for the NBA Championship.
2003 Actor Gregory Peck died.
2004 A chondrite-type meteorite struck a house in Ellerslie, New Zealand.
2005 Annika Sörenstam won the LPGA Championship.
2007 Don Herbert, television host known as "Mr. Wizard," died.
2008 Two armed robbers stole two Picasso engravings and two other pieces of artwork from a museum in Sao Paulo, Brazil.
2009 All television broadcasts in the
United States officially switched from analog to digital
2011 The Dallas Mavericks defeated the Miami Heat for the NBA Championship.
2012 Cuban heavyweight boxing champion Teofilo Stevenson died.
2015 Nasser al-Wuhayshi, Al-Qaeda's second-in-command, was killed in a U. S. air strike in Yemen.
2016 A gunman opened fire inside the
Pulse nightclub in Orlando, Florida, killing 29 persons
and wounding 53 others.
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This page was last updated on June 11, 2018.