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On July 28th...
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National Day (Peru)
1057 Pope Victor II died.
1148 Crusaders abandoned their siege of Damascus.
1586 Sir Thomas Harriot introduced potatoes to Europe.
1655 Playwright Cyrano de Bergerac died.
1741 Captain Vitus Bering discovered Mount St. Elias,
1742 Prussia and Austria signed a peace treaty.
1746 John Peter Zenger, focus of the first "Freedom of the Press" case in America, died.
1750 Composer Johann Sebastian Bach died.
1794 Robespierre and 22 other leaders of the French "Reign of Terror" were guillotined in Paris.
1821 Peru declared its independence from Spain.
1823 Manasseh Cutler, American minister, physician, scientist, and politician, died.
1833 William Bainbridge, American naval hero, died.
1849 The Memmon became the first clipper to reach San Francisco, California.
1858 The first use of fingerprints as a means of identification was made by Sir William James Herschel of the Indian Civil Service.
1865 A group of Welsh colonists arrived at Puerto Madryn, Argentina.
1866 The metric system
became a legal measurement system in the United States.
1868 The 14th Amendment, granting United States citizenship to former slaves, was proclaimed.
1883 Shocks triggered by the volcano Epomeo on the Isle of Ischia, Italy, destroyed 1,200 houses and killed about 2,000 people.
1893 A petition demanding women's suffrage was delivered to New Zealand's parliament.
1896 The city of Miami, Florida, was incorporated.
1900 Hamburger was created by Louis Lassing, in Connecticut.
1901 Singer/actor Rudy Vallee was born.
1904 Russian Interior
Minister Vyacheslav Plehve was assassinated.
declared war on Serbia, beginning the First World War.
1915 U. S. Marines invaded Haiti.
1917 James Weldon Johnson led a "Silent Parade" of 10,000 blacks down Fifth Avenue in New York City, New York, in protest against lynching.
1928 The 9th Olympic Games opened in Amsterdam, Netherlands.
1929 Jacqueline Bouvier, wife of President John F. Kennedy and then Greek businessman Aristotle Onassis, was born.
1932 President Herbert Hoover ordered the removal of "bonus marchers" from their encampment.
1933 The world's first singing telegram was delivered to Rudy Vallee in New York City, New York.
1938 Alberto Fujimori, President of Peru, was born.
1939 William James Mayo, co-founder of the Mayo Clinic, died.
1940 Radio Orange began broadcasting from London, England.
1943 The British bombed
Hamburg, Germany, causing a firestorm that killed 42,000
An Army Air Force B-25 crashed into the 79th floor of the
Empire State Building.
1947 Sports journalist Dick Ebersol was born.
1948 The I. G. Farben
chemical plant in Ludwigshafen, Germany, exploded,
killing 182 persons.
1949 Baseball player Vida Blue was born.
1951 Walt Disney's Alice
In Wonderland was released.
1953 A B-47 set a trans-atlantic record of 4-3/4 hours at 617.4 mph.
1954 The film On the
Waterfront was released.
1959 Great Britain began using postal codes.
1962 An excursion train derailed outside Steelton, Pennsylvania, killing 25 persons.
1964 Riots broke out in North Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.
1974 A bus struck a truck in Belem, Brazil, killing 69 persons.
1976 A magnitude 8.2 earthquake killed over 240,000 people in northern China.
1977 The first oil through the Trans-Alaska Pipeline reached Valdez, Alaska.
1980 Peru adopted a new constitution.
1984 The 23rd Olympic Games opened in Los Angeles, California.
1987 Laura Davies won the U. S. Women's Open Golf Championship.
1988 Winnie Mandella's home in Soweto, South Africa, was destroyed by arson.
1990 Chicago, Illinois, was hit by a blackout.
1991 Jack Nicklaus won the U. S. Senior Golf Open.
1996 The remains of a prehistoric man were discovered near Kennewick, Washington.
2002 Nine miners who had been trapped in the flooded Quecreek Mine in Somerset County, Philadelphia, for 77 hours were rescued.
2004 Francis Crick, co-discoverer of the structure of DNA, died.
2005 The Provisional
Irish Republican Army called an end to its 30-year-long
armed campaign in Northern Ireland.
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This page was last updated on January 19, 2018.