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On July 23rd...
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Revolution Day (Egypt)
1215 Frederick II was crowned King of the Romans.
1540 Turkey recognized Janos Sigismund Zapolyai as vassal-king of Hungary.
1777 Polish cavalry officer Casimir Pulaski arrived in America with an offer of assistance in the fight for independence.
1793 Roger Sherman, signer of four of the most important documents in U. S. history, died.
1798 Napoleon Bonaparte captured Alexandria, Egypt.
1816 Actress Charlotte Cushman was born.
1820 Julia Gardiner Tyler, the second wife of U. S. President John Tyler, was born.
1829 William Austin Burt patented the "typographer" (typewriter).
1834 Cardinal James Gibbons, Archbishop of Baltimore, was born.
1840 The Union Act, uniting Upper and Lower Canada, was passed by the British Parliament.
1856 Bal Gangadhar Tilak, leader of the Indian independence movement, was born.
1865 U. S. Supreme Court Justice Edward Terry Sanford was born.
1866 The Cincinnati Baseball Club (Red Stockings) formed.
1872 Elijah McCoy was granted a patent for a lubricating device for steam engines.
1875 Isaac Singer, inventor of the first commercially successful sewing machine, died.
1877 The first U. S. municipal railroad,
Cincinnati Southern, began operations.
1885 Ulysses Grant, 18th President of the United States, died.
1888 Author Raymond Chandler was born.
1892 Haile Selassie, the last Emperor of Ethiopia, was born.
1904 The ice cream cone was created by Charles E. Menches during the Louisiana Purchase Exposition.
1906 The Third Pan-American conference convened.
1918 Baseball player Pee Wee Reese was born.
1920 British East Africa was renamed Kenya and became a British crown colony.
1922 Firmin Lambot won the Tour de France.
1925 Lou Gehrig hit his first grand slam home run.
1930 An earthquake killed 1,500
people in Ariano, Italy.
1932 Alberto Santos-Dumont, Brazilian-French aviation pioneer, died.
1933 Georges Speicher won the Tour de
1936 Baseball player Don Drysdale was
1947 Actor Larry Manetti was born.
1948 Film director D. W. Griffith died.
1952 Military officers overthrew the Egyptian monarchy of King Farouk.
1955 Cordell Hull, U. S. Congressman and Secretary of State, died.
1958 An attempt to overthrow the
provisional Venezuelan government headed by Admiral
Wolfgang Larrazábal failed.
1959 An intercontinental jet plane flew 4,800 miles in 8 hours 54 minutes to set a New York-to-Moscow nonstop flight.
1960 Betsy Rawls won the U. S. Women's Golf Open.
1961 Actor Woody Harrelson was born.
1962 The first-ever live
transatlantic television signal was sent to and from the Telstar satellite.
1963 Explosions aboard the Egyptian munitions ship Star of Alexandria sank the freighter, damaged the harbor of Bône, Algeria, and killed more than 100 persons.
1966 Actor Montgomery Clift died.
1970 Said ibn Taimur, Sultan of Oman,
was overthrown by his son, Qabus ibn Said, in a bloodless
1971 Musician Alison Krauss was born.
1972 The first Earth Resources
Technology Satellite (ERTS) was launched.
1973 White House intern Monica
Lewinsky was born.
1974 Actress Stephanie March was born.
1978 Hollis Stacy won the U. S.
Women's Open Golf Championship.
1982 Actor Vic Morrow died.
1986 Prince Andrew of Great Britain married Sarah Ferguson.
1989 Mark Calcavecchia won the
1993 A China Northwest Airlines passenger jet crashed at Yinchuan, China, killing 55 persons.
1994 The Space Shuttle Columbia landed after a record 14 days 55 minutes in space.
1995 Comet Hale-Bopp was discovered.
1999 Crown Prince Mohammed Ben
al-Hassan was crowned King Mohammed VI of Morocco.
2000 Tiger Woods won the British
2005 Three bombs exploded in the Naama Bay area of Sharm el-Sheikh, Egypt, killing 88 persons.
2006 Tiger Woods won the British
2007 Mohammed Zahir Shah, King of Afghanistan, died.
2012 Astronaut Sally Ride died.
2013 A tour bus collided with a truck in Saraburi, Thailand, killing 19 persons and injuring 22 others.
2014 TransAsia Airways Flight 222 crashed into buildings in Taiwan, killing 44 persons.
2016 A suicide bomb killed 80 persons
during a protest march in Kabul, Afghanistan.
2017 Chris Froome won the Tour de
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This page was last updated on July 22, 2018.