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On July 20th...

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1031 King Robert II of France died.

1519 Pope Innocent IX was born.

William Maclay1734 William Maclay, signer of the Declaration of Independence, was born.

Verendrye1738 French explorer Pierre Gaultier de Varennes et de la Vérendrye reached the western shore of Lake Michigan.

Richard Owen1804 Comparative anatomist Richard Owen was born.

1810 Citizens of Bogotá, New Granada (now Colombia), declared their independence from Spain.

Gregor Mendel1822 Gregor Mendel, pioneer in the field of genetics, was born.

1861 The Congress of the Confederate States of America began its first session.

1871 British Columbia became a Canadian province.

Alberto Santos-Dumont1873 Aviation pioneer Alberto Santos-Dumont was born.

1890 King George II of Greece was born.

1901 Morocco signed an agreement with France fixing Morocco's frontier with Algeria.

1903 The first Ford Model A was sold.
1903 Pope Leo XIII died.

1912 Philadelphia Phillie player Sherry Magee stole home twice in one game.

Newton Baker1917 U.S. Secretary of War Newton Baker drew the first number of the World War I draft.

1919 Mountain climber Edmund Hillary was born.

1920 U.S. government official Elliot Richardson was born.

1921 Congresswoman Alice Mary Robertson became the first woman to preside over the U.S. House of Representatives.

1922 Togo was made a mandate of the League of Nations.

Pancho Villa1923 Mexican revolutionary Pancho Villa was killed.

1926 A convention of the Methodist Church voted to allow women to become ministers.

King Ferdinand1927 King Ferdinand of Romania died.

1932 In Washington, D.C., police fired tear gas on World War I veterans, part of the Bonus Expeditionary Force, who were attempting to march to the White House.

Guglielmo Marconi1937 Inventor Guglielmo Marconi died.

1938 Actress Natalie Wood was born.

1940 Billboard published its first singles record chart (#1 was "I'll Never Smile Again" by Tommy Dorsey).

1942 The first detachment of the Women's Army Auxiliary Corps began basic training.
1942 The Legion of Merit Medal was authorized by the U.S. Congress.

1944 German generals tried to kill Adolf Hitler.
1944 Nelson Potter became the first pitcher to be suspended for throwing spitballs.

1946 Singer Kim Carnes was born.

1947 Musician Carlos Santana was born.

Syngman Rhee1948 Syngman Rhee was elected as the first President of the Republic of Korea.

1951 King Abdullah of Jordan was assassinated.

1956 France recognized Tunisia's independence.

1958 An explosion in a hydroelectric project in Yugoslavia killed 30 persons.
1958
TV pitchman Billy Mays was born.

Neil Armstrong1969 U.S. astronaut Neil A. Armstrong became the first peron to set foot on the moon.

1973 Actor Bruce Lee died.

1976 Viking 1 became the first U.S. spacecraft to land on Mars.
Hank Aaron1976 Hank Aaron hit the 755th (and final) home run of his career, setting a record that would stand for more than 25 years.

1985 Divers found the wreck of the Spanish galleon Atocha.
1985 Actor John Francis Daley was born.

Vaclav Havel1992 Václav Havel resigned as president of Czechoslovakia.

1993 Vince Foster, Deputy White House Counsel, was found dead.

2005 Actor James Doohan died.

2007 TV evangelist Tammy Faye Bakker died.

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The Robinson Library >> On This Day

This page was last updated on July 19, 2017.