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On July 14th...

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Bastille Day (France)

1771 Mission San Antonio de Padua was founded in California.

1789 The *French Revolution* began when Parisian citizens stormed the Bastille.

1798 The first direct U.S. tax on dwellings, land and slaves was implemented.
1798 The Sedition Act, prohibiting "false, scandalous and malicious" writing against the U.S. government, was passed.

1832 *Opium* was exempted from federal tariff duties.

James Abbott McNeil Whistler1834 Painter James Abbott McNeil Whistler was born.

1850 The first public demonstration of ice made by refrigeration was conducted.

1853 New Zealand held its first general election.

1857 Frederick L. Maytag, founder of Maytag Corporation, was born.

1863 The Battle of Falling Waters (Maryland) was fought.

1864 Gold was discovered at Helena, Montana.

1865 The Matterhorn was ascended for the first time.
Arthur Capper1865 Arthur Capper, publisher and U.S. Senator, was born.

1868 A tape measure enclosed in a circular case was patented by A.J. Fellows.

1881 Billy the Kid was gunned down by Pat Garrett.

1891 John T. Smith patented corkboard.

Anton Pavlovich Chekhov1904 Playwright Anton Pavlovich Chekhov died.

William Henry Perkin1907 Chemist William Henry Perkin died.

1910 Cartoonist *William Hanna* was born.

Woody Guthrie1912 Folk singer-songwriter Woody Guthrie was born.

Gerald Rudolph Ford1913 Gerald Rudolph Ford, 38th President of the United States, was born.

Robert Goddard1914 Robert Goddard received a patent for a rocket fueled by gasoline and liquid nitrous oxide.

1918 Film director Ingmar Bergman was born.

1921 *Nicola Sacco and Bartolomeo Vanzetti* were convicted of killing their shoe company's paymaster.

1930 Actress Polly Bergen was born.

1940 Lithuania became the Lithuanian SSR.

1945 The battleship USS South Dakota became the first U.S. ship to bombard Japan.

1946 Dr. Benjamin Spock's Common Sense Book of Baby & Child Care was published.

1949 The Soviet Union exploded its first atom bomb.

1953 George Washington Carver National Monument was dedicated.

Iraq in 19581958 Iraqi Army officers overthrew the monarchy of King Faisal; the king, Crown Prince Abdul Illah, and Premier Nuri as Said were killed.

1959 The U.S. Navy launched the first nuclear-powered surface vessel, Long Beach, at Quincy, Massachusetts.

1965 Mariner IV flew by Mars.
1965 American politician Adlai Stevenson died.

Richard Speck1966 Richard Speck raped and killed 8 nurses in a Chicago dormitory.

1967 U.S. Congressman Patrick Joseph Kennedy was born.

1969 The United States $500, $1,000, $5,000 and $10,000 bills were officially withdrawn from circulation.

1977 The U.S. House of Representatives established a permanent Select Committee on Intelligence.

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The Robinson Library --> On This Day

This page was last updated on March 25, 2017.