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On July 11th...
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1274 Robert Bruce, King of Scotland, was born.
1346 Charles IV of Luxembourg was elected emperor of the Holy Roman Empire.
1533 Pope Clement VII excommunicated England's King Henry VIII.
1576 Martin Frobisher sighted Greenland.
1754 The Albany Congress ended.
1767 John Quincy Adams, 6th President of the United States, was born.
1788 French Admiral François Joseph Paul, Comte De Grasse died.
1798 The United States Marine Corps was established by act of Congress.
1804 Alexander Hamilton, 1st Secretary of the U.S. Treasury, was mortally wounded in a duel with Vice-President Aaron Burr.
1838 Merchant John Wanamaker was born.
1848 London's Waterloo Station opened.
1857 Psychologist Alfred Binet was born.
1866 James Henry Lane, one of the first U.S. Senators from Kansas, died.
1877 Kate Edger became New Zealands first woman graduate and the first woman in the British Empire to earn a Bachelor of Arts.
car company was chartered.
1914 Babe Ruth made his Major League debut, as a pitcher for the Boston Red Sox.
1916 Germany launched its final offensive in the Battle of Verdun.
1920 Actor Yul Brynner was born.
1921 Mongolia gained independence from China.
1922 The Hollywood Bowl opened.
1924 Actress Brett Somers was born.
1931 Actor Tab Hunter was born.
1934 Fashion designer Giorgio Armani was born.
1936 The Triborough Bridge, linking Manhattan, The Bronx, and Queens, opened.
1937 Composer George Gershwin died.
1944 Franklin Roosevelt announced that he would be seeking a fourth term as President.
1953 Boxer Leon Spinks was born.
1955 Congress authorized all U.S. currency to say "In God We Trust."
1957 The Western Pacific train ferry Las Plumas entered San Francisco Bay.
1960 Ivory Coast, Dahomey, Upper Volta, and Niger declared their independence.
1962 Fred Baldasare
became the first to swim the English Channel underwater
1967 Kenny Rogers formed
the rock group First Edition.
1969 David Bowie
released "Space Oddity."
1974 The World Football League played its first games.
1975 Chinese archeologists discovered a 3-acre burial site with 6,000 clay statues of warriors dating as early as 221 BC.
1979 The Skylab Space Station fell out of orbit.
1989 Actor Laurence Olivier died.
2008 Michael DeBakey, "the father of cardiovascular surgery," died.
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This page was last updated on July 12, 2017.