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>> On This Day
On July 1st...
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1725 Comte de Rochambeau, French commander in the American Revolution, was born.
1804 Author George Sand was born.
1823 The United Provinces of Central America gained independence from Mexico.
1836 The U.S. Congress passed legislation accepting the bequest of James Smithson, which was used to establish the Smithsonian Institution.
1847 The first U.S. postage stamps went on sale.
1860 Charles Goodyear, inventor of the process for vulcanizing rubber, died.
The first United States
income tax law was enacted.
1863 The Battle of Gettysburg began.
1867 The British North America Act established the Dominion of Canada.
1873 Prince Edward Island became the 7th Canadian province.
1874 The first zoo in the U.S. opened in Philadelphia.
1875 The Universal Postal Union was established.
1877 U.S. Army General Benjamin Oliver Davis was born.
1884 Allan Pinkerton, founder of Pinkerton National Detective Agency, died.
1896 Harriet Beecher Stowe, author of Uncle Tom's Cabin, died.
American troops occupied San Juan Hill, in Cuba.
1899 The Gideon Society was established.
first Tour de France bicycle race began.
Albert Einstein introduced his theory of relativity.
1908 Cosmetics company founder EstÚe Lauder was born.
1912 Environmentalist David Ross Brower was born.
Battles of the Somme began.
1921 The Communist Party of China was founded.
1928 Singer Bobby Day was born.
1931 Wiley Post and Harold Gatty completed a record-setting round-the-world flight of 8 days, 16 hours.
Actor Jamie Farr was born.
1936 Businessman Wally Amos was born.
1941 Choreographer Twyla Tharp was born.
1942 Actress Karen Black was born.
1945 Singer Debbie Harry was born.
1946 The first peacetime atom bomb test was conducted on Bikini Atoll.
1950 Architect Eliel Saarinen died.
1952 Actor Dan Aykroyd was born.
1955 Country musician Keith Whitley was born.
1957 The International Geophysical Year began.
Somali Democratic Republic was established.
Diana Spencer, Princess of Wales, was born.
1962 Burundi and Rwanda gained independence from Belgium.
1963 The U.S. Post Office instituted ZIP codes.
1966 Medicare went into effect.
1967 Actress Pamela Anderson was born.
1972 The first issue of Ms. magazine was published.
1974 Argentinian Juan Peron died.
1979 Sony introduced the Walkman.
1980 "O, Canada" became the official anthem of Canada.
1983 Architect R. Buckminster Fuller died.
1991 Actor Michael Landon died.
1995 Disc jockey Wolfman Jack died.
1997 Actor Robert Mitchum died.
The Íresund Link, connecting Sweden and
Denmark, was dedicated.
2003 Jazz flautist Herbie Mann died.
2004 The Cassini
probe went into orbit around Saturn.
2005 Singer Luther Vandross died.
2009 Actor Karl Malden died.
This page was last updated on January 23, 2017.