On January 30th...
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Ippolito Aldobrandini was elected Pope; he
took the name Clement VIII.
Charles I, King of England,
Scotland, and Ireland, was
Oliver Cromwell, Lord Protector of the
Commonwealth of England, was ritually executed
after having been dead for two years.
Explorer George Bass was born.
Maryland became the last of the 13 colonies to
ratify the Articles of Confederation.
Congress authorized the purchase of Thomas
Jefferson's library as the nucleus of the Library
The Menai Suspension Bridge, considered
the world's first modern suspension bridge,
connecting the Isle of Anglesey to the north West
coast of Wales, was opened.
Richard Lawrence misfired at President Andrew Jackson in Washington,
D.C., in the first attempted assassination of a
Betsy Ross, legendary maker of the first
"Stars and Stripes," died.
Joseph de Veuster (Father Damien), missionary to the lepers of Hawaii,
Yerba Buena was renamed San Francisco (California).
The USS Monitor was
1882 Franklin Delano
President of the United States, was born.
Archduke Crown Prince Rudolf of Austria,
heir to the Austro-Hungarian crown, was found
dead with his mistress Baroness Mary Vetsera in
1891 Aviation pioneer Walter Herschel Beech was born.
The pneumatic hammer was patented by
musician Louis Marshall "Grandpa" Jones
Dick Martin was born.
Prime Minister Olof Palme was born.
producer Harold Prince was born.
1930 Actor Gene
Hackman was born.
Adolf Hitler was named Chancellor of Germany.
Ranger" began a 21-year run on ABC radio.
Vanessa Redgrave was born.
1937 Chess player Boris Spassky
politician Dick Cheney was born.
"Franklin Roosevelt dime" was
introduced into general use.
Mohandas Gandhi, leader of the Indian independence
movement, was assassinated.
Orville Wright, co-inventor of
the airplane, died.
1951 Singer Phil
Collins was born.
Automobile designer/builder Ferdinand Porsche died.
Curtis Strange was born.
Payne Stewart was born.
1958 The United
Kingdom's House of Lords passed a bill allowing
women to take seats.
Abdullah II of Jordan was born.
Vietcong launched the Tet Offensive.
1968 Bobby Goldsboro recorded what would
become his biggest hit, "Honey."
Father Dominique Pire, recipient
of the 1958 Nobel Prize for Peace, died.
Twenty-seven unarmed civilians were shot (of whom
14 were killed) by the British Army during a
civil rights march in Derry ("Bloody
Christian Bale was born.
1977 The final
episode of the mini-series "Roots"
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