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On January 30th...

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1592 Ippolito Aldobrandini was elected Pope; he took the name Clement VIII.

Charles I1649 Charles I, King of England, Scotland, and Ireland, was executed.

1661 Oliver Cromwell, Lord Protector of the Commonwealth of England, was ritually executed after having been dead for two years.

George Bass1771 Explorer George Bass was born.

Articles of Confederation1781 Maryland became the last of the 13 colonies to ratify the Articles of Confederation.

1815 Congress authorized the purchase of Thomas Jefferson's library as the nucleus of the Library of Congress.

1826 The Menai Suspension Bridge, considered the world's first modern suspension bridge, connecting the Isle of Anglesey to the north West coast of Wales, was opened.

President Andrew Jackson1835 Richard Lawrence misfired at President Andrew Jackson in Washington, D.C., in the first attempted assassination of a U.S. President.

Betsy Ross1836 Betsy Ross, legendary maker of the first "Stars and Stripes," died.

1847 Yerba Buena was renamed San Francisco (California).

USS Monitor1862 The USS Monitor was launched.

Franklin Delano Roosevelt1882 Franklin Delano Roosevelt, 32nd President of the United States, was born.

1889 Archduke Crown Prince Rudolf of Austria, heir to the Austro-Hungarian crown, was found dead with his mistress Baroness Mary Vetsera in Mayerling.

Walter H. Beech1891 Aviation pioneer Walter Herschel Beech was born.

1894 The pneumatic hammer was patented by Charles King.

1914 Country musician Louis Marshall "Grandpa" Jones was born.

1922 Comedian Dick Martin was born.

1927 Swedish Prime Minister Olof Palme was born.

1928 Theater producer Harold Prince was born.

1930 Actor Gene Hackman was born.

1933 Adolf Hitler was named Chancellor of Germany.
1933
"Lone Ranger" began a 21-year run on ABC radio.

1937 Actress Vanessa Redgrave was born.
1937 Chess player Boris Spassky was born.

1941 American politician Dick Cheney was born.

1946 The "Franklin Roosevelt dime" was introduced into general use.

Mohandas Gandhi1948 Mohandas Gandhi, leader of the Indian independence movement, was assassinated.
Orville Wright1948 Orville Wright, co-inventor of the airplane, died.

1951 Singer Phil Collins was born.

Ferdinand Porsche1952 Automobile designer/builder Ferdinand Porsche died.

1955 Golfer Curtis Strange was born.

1957 Golfer Payne Stewart was born.

1958 The United Kingdom's House of Lords passed a bill allowing women to take seats.

1962 King Abdullah II of Jordan was born.

1968 The Vietcong launched the Tet Offensive.
1968
Bobby Goldsboro recorded what would become his biggest hit, "Honey."

Father Dominique Pire1969 Father Dominique Pire, recipient of the 1958 Nobel Prize for Peace, died.

1972 Twenty-seven unarmed civilians were shot (of whom 14 were killed) by the British Army during a civil rights march in Derry ("Bloody Sunday").

1974 Actor Christian Bale was born.

1977 The final episode of the mini-series "Roots" aired.

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The Robinson Library >> On This Day

This page was last updated on January 30, 2017.