THE ROBINSON LIBRARY
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On January 22nd...
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1371 Robert II was crowned King of Scotland.
1440 Tsar Ivan III of Russia was born.
1506 The first contingent of 150 Swiss Guards arrived at the Vatican.
1517 Ottoman forces took Cairo, capital of the Mamluk Sultanate.
1528 England and France declared war on Emperor Charles V.
1561 Author Francis Bacon was born.
1673 Postal service between New York, New York, and Boston, Massachusetts, was inaugurated.
1690 Iroquois tribes renewed their allegiance to the British against the French.
1771 Spain ceded the Falkland Islands to Great Britain.
1775 André-Marie Ampère, physicist and mathematician, was born.
1777 Astronomer Jeremiah Dixon died.
1788 Poet Lord Byron was born.
1814 The first Knights Templar grand encampment in the United States was held in New York City, New York.
1824 Ashantis defeated British forces in the Gold Coast.
1849 Dramatist August Strindberg was born.
1857 The National Association of Baseball Players was founded.
1862 The Confederate States of America raised the premium for volunteers from $10 to $20.
1875 Film director D. W. Griffith was born.
1881 The ancient Egyptian obelisk "Cleopatra's Needle" was erected in New York City, New York's, Central Park.
1889 Columbia Phonograph was formed in Washington, D.C.
1890 Jurist Fred M. Vinson was born.
1895 The National Association of Manufacturers was organized in Cincinnati, Ohio.
1901 Queen Victoria of Great Britain died.
1904 Choreographer George Balanchine was born.
1906 The SS Valencia ran aground on rocks off Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada, killing more than 130 people.
1907 Douglas Corrigan, American aviator who "accidentally" made a solo transatlantic flight, was born.
1909 Actress Ann Sothern
1918 Ukraine was proclaimed a free republic.
1922 Actor Telly Savalas
1924 E.M. Laird Company changed its name to Swallow Airplane Manufacturing Company.
1928 U.S. Senator Birch Bayh was born.
1930 Ground was broken for the Empire State Building.
1931 Sir Isaac Isaacs
was sworn in as the first Australian-born
Governor-General of Australia.
British Anglican and Old-Catholic churches merged.
Actor Bill Bixby was born.
1937 Author Joseph Wambaugh was born.
Aquatic Park, near Fisherman's Wharf, San Francisco, was
1941 British and Australian troops capture Tobruk from the Italians.
1944 The Allies were stopped on the beach at the Battle of Anzio (Italy).
1946 The Central Intelligence Agency was established.
1947 The first commercial television station west of the Mississippi River began broadcasting from Hollywood,California.
1949 The cross-country
tour of the Freedom Train ended.
1950 Actor Alan Hale, Sr. was born.
1956 An interurban train derailed as it rounded a curve in Los Angeles, California, killing 29 persons.
1957 Israel withdrew its forces from the Sinai Peninsula.
1958 The first public television station in Puerto Rico went into operation.
1959 Actress Linda Blair was born.
1960 A landslide struck a school on Mindanao Island, Philippines, burying 40 children alive.
Apollo 5, an unmanned lunar module, was launched toward
1970 The first commercial Boeing 747 flight from New York to London was made. The Pan Am flight took 6½ hours.
1972 "Emergency" premiered on NBC-TV.
1984 The Los Angeles Raiders defeated the Washington Redskins 38-9 in Super Bowl XVIII.
1987 Pennsylvania politician R. Budd Dwyer shot and killed himself during a live nationally-televised press conference.
1988 Mike Tyson TKO'd Larry Holmes in 4 rounds for the heavyweight boxing title.
1989 The San Francisco 49ers defeated the Cincinnati Bengals 20-16 in Super Bowl XXIII.
1994 Actor Telly Savalas died.
1995 Kennedy family matriarch Rose Kennedy died.
2002 Kmart Corporation filed for Chapter 11 bankruptcy protection.
2003 Cartoonist Bill Mauldin died.
2012 College football coach Joe Paterno died.
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This page was last updated on January 21, 2018.