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On January 17th...

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St. Anthony's Day

1377 Pope Gregory XI moved the Papacy back to Rome from Avignon.

1504 Pope Pius V was born.

Pedro Calderon de la Barca1600 Spanish dramatist Pedro Calderón de la Barca was born.

Benjamin Franklin1706 Benjamin Franklin, American statesman and inventor, was born.

Israel Putnam1718 Revolutionary War General Israel Putnam was born.

Charles Brockden Brown1771 Author Charles Brockden Brown was born.

James Cook1773 An expedition commanded by Captain James Cook became the first to cross the Antarctic Circle.

John Ledyard1789 Author and adventurer John Ledyard died.

1820 Author Anne Brontë was born.

1863 David Lloyd George, Prime Minister of Great Britain, was born.

1871 Andrew S. Hallidie patented the first cable car.

1873 A group of Modoc warriors defeated the United States Army in the First Battle of the Stronghold.

Frank Hague1876 Politician Frank Hague was born.

1880 Film producer Mack Sennett was born.

Glenn L. Martin1886 Aviation pioneer Glenn L. Martin was born.

1893 Queen Liliuokalani was deposed and the Kingdom of Hawaii became a republic.
Rutherford Birchard Hayes1893 Rutherford Birchard Hayes, 19th President of the United States, died.

1899 The United States took possession of Wake Island.
Al Capone1899 Gangster Al Capone was born.
Educator Robert M. Hutchins was born.

King Saud1902 King Saud of Saudi Arabia was born.

1916 The Professional Golfer Association was formed, in New York City.

1920 Prohibition officially began in the United States.

1922 Actress Betty White was born.

1927 Singer Eartha Kitt was born.
Juliette Gordon Low1927 Juliette Gordon Low, the founder of the American Girl Scout movement, died.

1928 Celebrity hairstylist Vidal Sassoon was born.

1929 Popeye made his first appearance, in the comic strip "Thimble Theater."

1931 Actor James Earl Jones was born.

1933 Puppeteer Shari Lewis was born.
1933 Artist Louis Comfort Tiffany died.

1934 The Electric Home and Farm Authority was incorporated.

1939 Talk show host Maury Povich was born.

1942 Boxer Muhammad Ali was born.

1946 The United Nations Security Council held its first meeting.

1949 Comedian Andy Kaufman was born.

1950 Eleven armed men robbed $1.2 million cash and $1.5 million in securities from the Brink's offices in Boston, Massachusetts.

1956 Actor David Caruso was born.

1962 Actor Jim Carrey was born.

1964 Michelle Obama, wife of President Barack Obama, was born.

1971 Musician Robert James Ritchie, aka Kid Rock, was born.

Gary Gilmore1976 Convicted murderer Gary Gilmore became the first person to be executed in the United States since 1967.

1984 The U.S. Supreme Court ruled that home use of VCR's to record television programs does not violate copyright laws.

1989 A gunman opened fire in a California schoolyard; 5 students were killed, 30 wounded.

1991 Operation Desert Storm began.
King Olav V1991 King Olav V of Norway died.

1995 The Los Angeles Rams announced that they would be moving to St. Louis.

Clyde Tombaugh1997 Clyde Tombaugh, the discoverer of Pluto, died.

Zhao Ziyang2005 Zhao Ziyang, Premier and General Secretary of China, died.

2007 Columnist Art Buchwald died.

2011 Music producer Don Kirshner died.

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The Robinson Library --> On This Day

This page was last updated on October 27, 2017.