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On January 14th...

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1131 King Valdemar I of Denmark was born.

1301 Andrew III of Hungary died.

1451 Composer Franchinus Gaffurius was born.

1507 Queen Catherine of Portugal was born.

Pope Leo X1514 Pope Leo X issued a papal bull against slavery.

1526 Charles V and Francis I signed the Treaty of Madrid.

1551 Italian jurist Alberico Gentiliwas born.

1566 Composer Angelo Notari was born.

1615 Unitarian minister John Bibble was born.

1639 The first Connecticut constitution, the Fundamental Orders, was adopted in Hartford.

1641 The United East Indian conquered the city of Malacca.

1655 Composer Angelo Predieri was born.

1684 Painter Jean-Baptiste Vanloo was born.
1684 Scientist Johann Matthias Hase was born.

1690 The clarinet was invented, in Nurnberg, Germany.

1699 Massachusetts held a day of fasting to atone for wrongly persecuting witches.

1702 Emperor Nakamikado of Japan was born.

1722 Composer Friedrich Gottlob Fleischer was born.

1724 King PhilipV of Spain abdicated.

1741 U.S. General Benedict Arnold was born.

Edmund Halley1742 Astronomer Edmund Halley died.

1751 Composer Corona Elizabeth Wilhelmine Schroter was born.

1753 Philosopher George Berkeley died.

1780 U.S. Supreme Court Justice Henry Baldwin was born.
1780
Composer Francois-Joseph Dizi was born.

1784 The U.S. Congress of the Confederation ratified the Treaty of Paris, formally ending the Revolutionary War.

1793 American politican John C. Clark was born.

1794 Dr. Jessee Bennet performed the first successful Cesarean section in the United States, on his wife.

Eli Whitney1799 Eli Whitney received a government contract for 10,000 muskets.

Matthew Fontaine Maury1806 Oceanographer Matthew Fontaine Maury was born.

1812 Composer Carl Gradener was born.

1813 Gideon Hawley became the first state school superintendent in the United States, of New York.

1814 The King of Denmark ceded Norway to the King of Sweden.
1814 Johannes Josephus Viotta was born.

1819 U.S. General Frederick Steele was born.

1831 John Bullock Clark, Jr., Brigadier General of the Confederate Army, was born.

1834 Composer William Cleaver Francis Robinson was born.

1863 Cartoonist Richard F. Outcault.

1864 The Battle of Cosby Creek (Tennessee) was fought.

1873 "Celluloid" was registered as a trademark.

Albert Schweitzer1875 Missionary doctor Albert Schweitzer was born.

1878 The U.S. Supreme Court ruled racial segregation on trains unconstitutional.

1892 Film producer Hal Roach was born.

1896 Author John Dos Passos was born.

1898 Author Lewis Carroll died.

1900 Giacomo Puccini's opera Tosca premiered in Rome.

1905 Takeo Fukuda, Prime Minister of Japan, was born.

1906 Actor William Bendix was born.

1907 An earthquake killed more than 1,000 persons in Kingston, Jamaica.

Roald Amundsen1911 Roald Amundsen's South Pole expedition landed on the Ross Ice Shelf.

1912 Raymond Poincaré becme Premier of France.

1914 Actor Harold Russell was born.

1915 Television producer Mark Goodson was born.

Giulio Andreotti1919 Giulio Andreotti, six-time Prime Minister of Italy, was born.
1919 Television journalist Andy Rooney was born.

1929 Afghan King Amanullah was forced to resign.

1932 Eddie Arcaro won his first horse race.

1940 Activist Julian Bond was born.

1941 Actress Faye Dunaway was born.

President Franklin Roosevelt1943 Franklin D. Roosevelt became the first U.S. President to travel by airplane.
Shannon Lucid1943 Astronaut Shannon Lucid was born.

1946 Two jetties collapsed in Ganges, India, killing 160 Hindu pilgrims.

1948 Blues performer T-Bone Burnett was born.

1949 142 persons were killed during a Black/Indian rebellion in Durban, South Africa.

1950 The United States recalled all consular officials from China.

1952 "Today Show" premiered with Dave Garroway and Jack Lescoulie on NBC-TV.

1952 Marshal Tito was elected the first President of Yugoslavia.

1954 The Hudson Motor CarCompany merged with Nash-Kelvinator Corporation to form the American Motors Corporation.

1956 Little Richard released "Tutti Frutti."

1957 Actor Humphrey Bogart died.

1960 The U.S. Army promoted Elvis Presley to the rank of Sergeant.
1960 The Reserve Bank of Australia was established.

1961 Actor Barry Fitzgerald died.

1961 Chicago Bear Willard Dewveall became the first NFL player to join the AFL.

1963 Film director Steven Soderbergh was born.

1964 Jacqueline Kennedy made her first public appearance since her husband's assassination.

1965 Actress Jeanette MacDonald died.

1966 David Bowie released his first single, "Can't Help Thinking About Me."

1967 20,000 people attended the Human Be-In in San Francisco,California.
1967 Sonny & Cher released "Beat Goes On."
1967 Actress Emily Watson was born.

1968 The Green Bay Packers defeated the Oakland Raiders, 33-14, in Super Bowl II, in Miami,Florida.
1968 Rapper LL Cool J was born.

1969 Twenty-five members of the U.S. aircraft carrier Enterprise died during maneuvers.
1969
Soyuz 4 was launched.
1969 East beat West, 123-112, in the 19th NBA All-Star Game, in Baltimore, Maryland.
1969 Actor Jason Bateman was born.
1969 Musician Dave Grohl was born.

1972 Margrethe II became the first Queen of Denmark since 1412.
1972
"Sanford & Son" premiered on NBC-TV.
King Frederik IX1972 King Frederik IX of Denmark died.

1973 The Miami Dolphins defeated the Washington Red Skins, 14-7, in Super Bowl VII.
1973 Elvis Presley's "Aloha from Hawaii"concert became the mostwatched television broadcast by an individual entertainer.

1974 The World Football League was founded.

1976 "The Bionic Woman" debuted on ABC.
1976 Ted Turner became CEO of the Atlanta Braves.

1977 "Fantasy Island" premiered on ABC.
Anthony Eden1977 Anthony Eden, former Prime Minister of the United Kingdom, died.
1977 Actor Peter Finch died.
1977 Author Anais Nin died.

1978 The Sex Pistols gave their last concert, at Winterland in San Francisco, California.

1979 Actor James Scott was born.

Ray Kroc1984 McDonald's franchise founder Ray Kroc died.

1986 Actress Donna Reed died.

1989 A 29-year-old woman gave birth to sextuplets in Paris, France.
1989 Former Belgian Premier Paul Vandeen Boeynants was kidnapped.

1990 "Simpsons" premiered on Fox-TV.

1991 Valentin Pavlov became Premier of the U.S.S.R.
1991 Jorge Serrano Elias was sworn in as President of Guatemala.
1991
"Barbara DeAngelis Show" premiered on CBS.
1991 Actress Tyne Daly was arrested for drunk driving in Van Nuys, California.

1994 The Duchess of Kent became the first member of the British Royal Family to convert to Catholicism in more than 300 years.

1998 The 100th episode of "Ellen" aired.

2004 Actress Uta Hagen died.

2005 The Huygens probe landed on Saturn;s moon Titan.

2006 Actress Shelley Winters died.

2007 Actress Darlene Conley died.

Ricardo Montalban2009 Actor Ricardo Montalban died.

2011 A stampede near Sabarimala, India, killed 104 devotees and injured 100 more.
2011 Tunisian President Ben Ali fled to Saudi Arabia.

2012 A suicide bomber killed 53 and injured 130 in Basra, Iraq.
2012 Ma Ying-jeou won re-election as President of the Republic of China with 51% of the vote.

2016 Actor Alan Rickman died.

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The Robinson Library >> On This Day

This page was last updated on September 21, 2017.