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On January 12th...
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1588 Governor John Winthrop of the Massachusetts Bay Colony was born.
1628 Author Charles Perrault was born.
1729 Edmund Burke, British statesman, orator, and political writer, was born.
1737 John Hancock, signer of the Declaration of Independence, was born.
1746 Educator Johann Heinrich Pestalozzi was born.
1773 The first public museum in the United States was established in Charleston, South Carolina.
1812 The first steam-powered cargo ship arrived at New Orleans, Louisiana.
1816 France decreed the Bonaparte family excluded from France forever.
1822 Inventor Étienne Lenoir was born.
1834 William Wyndham Grenville, former Prime Minister of Great Britain, died.
1839 Anthracite coal was used to smelt iron for the first time, at Mauch Chunk, Pennsylvania.
1852 Joseph Jacques Césaire Joffre, Commander-in-Chief of the French Army during World War I, was born.
1856 Painter John Singer Sargent was born.
1876 Novelist Jack London was born.
1880 Ellen Arthur, wife of President Chester Alan Arthur, died.
1890 Mordecai Wyatt Johnson, president of Howard University, was born.
1893 Hermann Goering, founder of the Gestapo, was born.
1896 Dr. Henry Smith took the first x-ray photograph in the United States.
1899 Distillery founder Hiram Walker died.
1902 King Saud of Saudi Arabia was born.
1905 Musician Tex Ritter was born.
1906 The Dow Jones closed above 100 for the first time in history.
1915 The U.S. House of Representatives rejected a proposal to give women the right to vote.
1916 P.W. Botha, President of South Africa, was born.
1917 Maharishi Mahesh Yogi, transcendental meditation guru, was born.
1925 Katherine MacGregor was born.
1926 Musician Ray Price was born.
1930 Singer Glenn Yarbrough was born.
1932 Hattie W. Caraway of Arkansas became the first woman U.S. Senator when she was elected to fill the remaining term of her late husband, Senator Thaddeus Caraway.
1935 Amazing Kreskin, magician/mentalist, was born.
Actress Shirley Eaton was born.
1942 The National War Labor Board was created.
Frankfurters were replaced by "Victory
Sausages" (a mix of meat and soy meal) in the United
1944 Boxer Joe Frazier was born.
1945 German forces in Belgium were forced to retreat during the Battle of the Bulge.
1947Fottball player Tom Dempsey was born.
Mohandas Gandhi began his final fast.
Kirstie Alley was born.
University of Tennessee admitted its first black student.
1954 Radio personality Howard Stern was born.
1957 Film director John Lasseter was born.
NCAA added the 2-point conversion to football scoring.
Actor Oliver Platt was born.
1961 W.D. Thompson made the first flight of the experimental wing Cessna 210A.
1964 Jeff Bezos, founder of Amazon, was born.
1965 Singer Rob Zombie was born.
1970 The civil war between Nigeria and the break-away republic of Biafra ended with the surrender of Biafra to Nigeria.
1973 Football player Turk Edwards died.
1976 Author Agatha Christie died.
Kenneth Bianchi, the notorious "Hillside
Strangler" of Los Angeles, was arrested in
1988 Actor Andrew Lawrence was born.
1993 Singer Zayn Malik was born.
2001 Businessman William Hewlett died.
2002 Cyrus Vance, former U.S. Secretary of State, died.
2003 Musician Maurice Gibb died.
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This page was last updated on August 13, 2017.