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  On This Day
On January 5th...

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1762 Tsarina Elizabeth of Russia died.

Stephen Decatur1779 American naval hero Stephen Decatur was born.
Zebulon Pike1779 Zebulon Montgomery Pike, American Army officer and explorer, was born.

1781 A British naval expedition led by Benedict Arnold burned Richmond, Virginia.

Robert Morrison1782 Robert Morrison, Protestant missionary to China and translator of the Bible into Chinese, was born.

Cyrus Hamlin1811 Cyrus Hamlin, missionary and educator in Turkey, was born.

1846 The United States House of Representatives voted to stop sharing the Oregon Territory with the United Kingdom.

1855 King Gillette, inventor of the safety razor, was born.

Alexandru Ioan Cuza1859 Alexandru Ioan Cuza was elected Prince of Moldavia.

Konrad Adenauer1876 Konrad Adenauer, first Chancellor of West Germany, was born.

1887 The first school of librarianship in the United States opened at Columbia University.

1903 The San Francisco-Hawaii telegraph cable opened for public use.

1905 The National Association of Audubon Society was incorporated.

1912 The first National Hockey Association game was played.

1914 The Ford Motor Company increased wages from $2.40/9-hour day to $5.00/8-hour day.
1914 Actor George Reeves was born.

1917 Actress Jane Wyman was born.

1918 Astrologer Jeane Dixon was born.

1919 The National Socialist (Nazi) Party was formed.

1922 Antarctic explorer Ernest Shackleton died.

Nellie Tayloe Ross1925 Nellie Tayloe Ross became the first woman Governor of a state (Wyoming).

Walter Mondale1928 Walter Mondale, U.S. Senator and Vice-President, was born.

1931 Dancer Alvin Ailey was born.
Robert Duvall1931 Actor Robert Duvall was born.

1932 Raisa Gorbachev, First Lady of the Soviet Union, was born.

Calvin Coolidge1933 Calvin Coolidge, 30th President of the United States, died.

1937 The only unicameral state legislature in the United States (Nebraska) opened its first session.

King Juan Carlos1938 King Juan Carlos of Spain was born.

1940 FM radio was demonstrated to the FCC for the first time.

Amy Johnson1941 Aviator Amy Johnson was killed in a plane crash.

1942 Talk show host Charlie Rose was born.

George Washington Carver1943 George Washington Carver, agricultural scientist noted for his work with peanuts, died.

1944 The Daily Mail became the first transoceanic newspaper.

1945 Pepe LePew debuted in the Warner Bros cartoon "Odor-able Kitty."

1946 Actress Diane Katon was born.

1947 Actor Ted Lange was born.

President Harry Truman1949 President Harry Truman labeled his administration the "Fair Deal."

1953 Actress Pamela Sue Martin was born.

Marie Torre1959 Marie Torre began a 10-day sentence in the Jersey City, New Jersey, jail for refusing to disclose the source of information she used in a column.

1969 Singer Marilyn Manson was born.

1970 "All My Children" premiered on ABC-TV.

1972 U.S. President Richard Nixon signed a bill authorizing NASA to begin research on a manned space shuttle.

1976 "MacNeil-Lehrer Report" premiered on PBS.

1981 British police arrested truck driver Peter Sutcliffe, who was subsequently convicted of being the "Yorkshire Ripper."

1982 An Arkansas judge ruled against the mandatory teaching of creation in public schools.

1987 The "Surrogate Baby M" case began in Hackensack, New Jersey.

1993 Westley Allan Dodd became the first person to be executed by hanging in the United States since 1965, in Washington.

1994 U.S. Congressman Tip O'Neill died.

1998 Singer Sonny Bono died.

2004 Baseball player Tug McGraw died.

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This page was last updated on February 19, 2016.

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