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871 Ethelred of
Wessex beat a Danish invasion army at the Battle
1357 Earl Louis
of Flanders and Duke Wenceslaus of Luxembourg
signed a peace treaty.
1642 King Charles I, with 400
soldiers, attacked the English parliament.
1698 Most of the
Palace of Whitehall in London, the main residence
of the English monarch, was destroyed by fire.
Netherlands, England, and France signed the
Kings College (now Columbia University) was
Joseph Morgan was born.
1785 Jakob Ludwig Grimm, collector and publisher of fairy
tales, was born.
Louis Braille, developer of the Braille System of
writing and reading for the blind, was born.
Samuel Colt sold his first revolver pistol to the
James Plimpton patented 4-wheeled roller skates.
1865 The New York Stock Exchange opened
its first permanent headquarters, at 10-12 Broad
Vanderbilt, the richest man in the United States
at the time, died.
1884 The Fabian
Society was founded in London.
1885 Dr. W. W.
Grant performed the world's first appendectomy,
on 22-year-old Mary Gartside.
1887 Thomas Stevens became
the first person to bicycle around the world (San
Francisco to San Francisco).
Utah was admitted as the 45th state.
Thomas Edison electrocuted an elephant named Topsy.
The Supreme Court ruled that Puerto Ricans cannot
be denied admission into the United States.
The Scout Association was incorporated
throughout the British Commonwealth by Royal
The National Negro Baseball League was organized.
NFL coach Don Shula was born.
Fort Jefferson National Monument was established.
1935 Boxer Floyd Patterson was
Billboard magazine published its first
Actress Dyan Cannon was born.
Emilio G. Segrč and Carlo Perrier
announced technetium, the first artificially
synthesized chemical element.
The Union of Burma was established.
Singer Patty Loveless was born.
The European Free Trade Association was created.
1960 Michael Stipe, lead singer
of R.E.M., was born.
Author Albert Camus died.
Poet T.S. Eliot died.
British police arrested Peter Sutcliffe,
the "Yorkshire Ripper."
Court" premiered on NBC-TV.
An Amtrak passenger train collided with a Conrail
freight train near Baltimore, Maryland, killing
16 and injuring more than 170 -- the worst
accident in Amtrak history to that time.
Band leader Les Brown died.
The Burj Khalifa in Dubai was officially
opened as the world's tallest building.
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