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On January 1st...

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New Year's Day

Pope Alexander VI1431 Pope Alexander VI was born.

1515 King Louis XII of France died.

King Charles II1651 Charles II was crowned King of Scotland.

1729 Philosopher Edmund Burke was born.

Paul Revere1735 Paul Revere, Revolutionary patriot and silversmith, was born.

Anthony Wayne1745 Anthony Wayne, Revolutionary War general, was born.

Betsy Ross1752 Betsy Ross, American flagmaker, was born.

Albany, New York1797 Albany officially became the capital of New York.

1804 Haiti gained its independence from France.

1818 Mary Shelley's Frankenstein was published.

James George Frazer1854 Cultural anthropologist James George Frazer was born.

Emancipation Proclamation1863 Abraham Lincoln issued the Emancipation Proclamation.
1863
The first homestead under the Homestead Act was claimed by Daniel Freeman near Beatrice, Nebraska.*

1874 New York City annexed The Bronx.

Queen Victoria1877 Queen Victoria of the United Kingdom was proclaimed Empress of India.

1886 The first Tournament of Roses* parade was held in Pasadena, California.

1892 Ellis Island became the East Coast reception center for immigrants to the United States.

1895 J. Edgar Hoover, director of the Federal Bureau of Investigation, was born.

1898 Brooklyn merged with New York City.

1900 Musician Xavier Cugat was born.

Australia1901 The Commonwealth of Australia was proclaimed.

1902 The University of Michigan defeated Stanford University 49-0 in the first Rose Bowl game.

1908 The New Year was marked by the dropping of a ball in Times Square for the first time.

1909 U.S. Senator Barry Goldwater was born.

1912 Sun Yat-sen established the Republic of China.

1913 The United States Postal Service inaugurated parcel post service.

1919 Boxer Rocky Graziano was born.
1919 Author J.D. Salinger was born.

1923 The Union of Soviet Socialist Republics was established.

Oslo1925 Norway's capital officially changed its name from Christiana to Oslo.

1934 Alcatraz officially became a federal prison.
1934 The Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation became effective.
1934 The International Telecommunication Union was established.

1943 Businessman Ron Perelman was born.

1944 Wrestler Jimmy Hart was born.

Hirohito1946 Japanese Emperor Hirohito formally renounced all claims to divinity.
1946 Hungary proclaimed itself a republic.

1948 The General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade became effective.

1953 Singer Hank Williams, Sr. died.

Sudan1956 Sudan became independent of Great Britain.
Frank Hague1956 American politician Frank Hague died.

Saarland1957 The Saar region was formally reunited with Germany.

Cameroon1960 Cameroon became independent of French-administered U.N. trusteeship.

Fulgencio Batista1961 Fulgencio Batista fled Cuba in advance of rebel forces led by Fidel Castro.

1967 Football player Derrick Thomas was born.

1971 The advertising of tobacco products on television became illegal in the United States (effective at 12:01 am January 2).

Samoa1972 Western Samoa became the Independent State of Samoa.
1972 Singer Maurice Chevalier died.

Liberty Bell1976 The Liberty Bell was moved to a special pavillion behind Independence Hall.

1984 Brunei became independent of the United Kingdom.

1987 A fire at a luxury hotel in San Juan, Puerto Rico, killed 96 people and injured more than 140 others.

1992 The Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic was renamed the Russian Federation.

1993 Czechoslovakia split into the Czech Republic and the Slovak Republic.

1994 The North American Free Trade Agreement went into effect.
1994 Actor Cesar Romero died.

1995 The last "Far Side" cartoon was published.

2002 The Euro became legal tender in twelve of the European Union member nations.

2005 American politician Shirley Chisholm died.

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The Robinson Library >> On This Day

This page was last updated on January 24, 2017.