On January 1st...
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Pope Alexander VI
King Louis XII of France died.
Charles II was crowned King of Scotland.
Philosopher Edmund Burke was born.
Paul Revere, Revolutionary patriot and silversmith,
Anthony Wayne, Revolutionary War general, was born.
Betsy Ross, American flagmaker, was born.
Albany officially became the capital of New
Haiti gained its independence from France.
Mary Shelley's Frankenstein was
anthropologist James George Frazer was born.
1863 Abraham Lincoln
issued the Emancipation
1863 The first homestead
under the Homestead Act was claimed by Daniel
Freeman near Beatrice, Nebraska.*
New York City annexed The Bronx.
Queen Victoria of the United Kingdom was proclaimed
Empress of India.
The first Tournament of Roses* parade was held in Pasadena,
Ellis Island became the East Coast reception
center for immigrants to the United States.
J. Edgar Hoover, director of the Federal Bureau
of Investigation, was born.
Brooklyn merged with New York City.
Musician Xavier Cugat was born.
The Commonwealth of
The University of Michigan defeated
Stanford University 49-0 in the first Rose Bowl
1908 The New
Year was marked by the dropping of a ball in
Times Square for the first time.
Senator Barry Goldwater was born.
1912 Sun Yat-sen
established the Republic of China.
The United States Postal Service inaugurated
parcel post service.
Boxer Rocky Graziano was born.
1919 Author J.D. Salinger was
The Union of Soviet Socialist Republics was
Norway's capital officially changed its name from
Christiana to Oslo.
Alcatraz officially became a federal prison.
1934 The Federal Deposit
Insurance Corporation became effective.
1934 The International
Telecommunication Union was established.
Businessman Ron Perelman was born.
Wrestler Jimmy Hart was born.
Japanese Emperor Hirohito formally renounced all claims to
1946 Hungary proclaimed itself a
The General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade became
Singer Hank Williams, Sr. died.
Sudan became independent of Great Britain.
American politician Frank Hague died.
The Saar region was formally reunited with
Cameroon became independent of
French-administered U.N. trusteeship.
Fulgencio Batista fled Cuba in advance of rebel forces
led by Fidel Castro.
Football player Derrick Thomas was born.
The advertising of tobacco products on television
became illegal in the United States (effective at
12:01 am January 2).
Western Samoa became the Independent State of
1972 Singer Maurice Chevalier
The Liberty Bell was moved to a special pavillion behind
Brunei became independent of the United Kingdom.
A fire at a luxury hotel in San Juan, Puerto
Rico, killed 96 people and injured more than 140
The Russian Soviet Federative Socialist
Republic was renamed the Russian Federation.
Czechoslovakia split into the Czech Republic and the Slovak Republic.
The North American Free Trade Agreement went into
1994 Actor Cesar Romero died.
The last "Far Side" cartoon was
The Euro became legal tender in twelve of the
European Union member nations.
American politician Shirley Chisholm died.
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