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On January 1st...
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1431 Pope Alexander VI was born.
1438 Albrecht II von Habsburg became King of Hungary.
1515 King Louis XII of France died.
1527 Croatian nobles elected Ferdinand I of Austria as King of Croatia.
1651 Charles II was crowned King of Scotland.
1673 Regular mail delivery between New York, New York, and Boston, Massachusetts, began.
1707 John V became King of Portugal.
1729 Philosopher Edmund Burke was born.
1735 Paul Revere, Revolutionary patriot and silversmith, was born.
1739 J. B. C. Bouvet de Lozier discovered Bouvet Island, near Antarctica.
1745 Anthony Wayne, Revolutionary War general, was born.
1752 Betsy Ross, American flagmaker, was born.
1772 The first traveler's cheques went on sale in London, England.
1785 The first issue of the Daily Universal Register (now the London Times) was published.
1788 Quakers in Pennsylvania emancipated their slaves.
1797 Albany officially became the capital of New York.
1801 The Irish Parliament voted to join the Kingdom of Great Britain, forming the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland.
1804 Haiti gained its independence from France.
1808 The African Benevolent Society
1818 Mary Shelley's Frankenstein
1840 The first recorded bowling match in the United States was played at Knickerbocker Alleys in New York City, New York.
1845 The Cobble Hill Tunnel in Brooklyn, New York, was completed.
1846 Yucatan declared its independence from Mexico.
1847 Michigan abolished capital punishment.
1852 The first public bath house in the United States opened in New York City, New York.
1854 Cultural anthropologist James George Frazer was born.
1874 New York City, New York, annexed The Bronx.
1877 Queen Victoria of the United Kingdom was proclaimed Empress of India.
1879 William Fox, founder of 20th Century Fox, was born.
1886 The first Tournament of Roses* parade was held in Pasadena, California.
1890 Eritrea was consolidated into a colony by the Italian government.
1892 Ellis Island became the East Coast reception center for immigrants to the United States.
1894 The Manchester Ship Canal in England opened to traffic.
1895 J. Edgar Hoover, director of the Federal Bureau of Investigation, was born.
1898 Brooklyn merged with New York City, New York.
1900 The British Protectorates of
Northern and Southern Nigeria were established.
1901 The Commonwealth of Australia was proclaimed.
1902 The University of Michigan defeated Stanford University 49-0 in the first Rose Bowl game.
1908 The New Year was marked by the dropping of a ball in Times Square for the first time.
1909 Actor Dana Andrews was born.
1912 Sun Yat-sen established the Republic of China.
1913 The United States Postal Service inaugurated parcel post service.
1914 Northern and Southern Nigeria were united into the single British colony of Nigeria.
1919 The Belorussian Soviet Socialist
Republic was established.
1923 The Union of Soviet Socialist Republics was established.
1925 Norway's capital officially changed its name from Christiana to Oslo.
1930 Jurgens and Van den Berg merged with Lever Brothers to form Unilever.
1934 Alcatraz officially became a
1935 Tulane beat Temple, 20-14, in
the first Sugar Bowl.
1937 Anastasio Somoza Garcia became President of Nicaragua.
1943 Businessman Ron Perelman was born.
1944 Wrestler Jimmy Hart was born.
1948 The General Agreement on Tariffs
and Trade became effective.
1949 The Tokelau (Union) Islands were declared part of New Zealand.
1950 Ho Chi Minh began an offensive against French trrops in Indochina.
1953 Singer Hank Williams, Sr. died.
1957 The Saar region was formally reunited with
establishing the European Economic Community went into
1960 Cameroon became independent of French-administered U.N. trusteeship.
1962 A band of 40 rebels attacked an
infantry barracks in Beja, Portugal.
1965 International Cooperation Year
1967 Football player Derrick Thomas was born.
1968 Evel Knievel failed in his attempt to jump Caesar's Palace Fountain in Las Vegas, Nevada.
1970 The University College of Zululand attained full academic autonomy as the University of Zululand.
1971 The advertising of tobacco products on television became illegal in the United States (effective at 12:01 am January 2).
1972 Singer Maurice Chevalier died.
1973 The United Kingdom joined the
European Economic Community.
1974 World Population Year began.
1975 International Women's Year began.
1976 The Liberty Bell was moved to a special pavillion behind Independence Hall.
1977 Jacqueline Means became the first woman to be ordained an Episcopal priest.
1978 An Air India Boeing 747 exploded in midair and plunged into the Arabian Sea shortly after taking off from Bombay, India, killing all 213 persons aboard.
1979 The United States formally
opened diplomatic relations with the People's Republic of
China and ended its ties with the Nationalist Chinese
1980 The International Decade of
Water and Sanitation began.
1981 The International Year for the
1983 World Communications Year began.
1984 Brunei became independent of the United Kingdom.
1985 International Youth Year began.
1986 The Internet Domain Name System
was created.1986 Aruba became
independent from Curacao.
1987 The International Year of Shelter for Homeless began.
1988 Year of the Reader began.
1989 Year of the Young Reader began.
1990 David Dinkins was sworn in as
the first black Mayor of New York City, New York.
1992 The Russian Soviet Federative
Socialist Republic was renamed the Russian Federation.
1994 The North American Free Trade
Agreement went into effect.
1995 The International Year of
1996 Curacao gained limited self-rule.
1999 The International Year of Elderly began.
2002 The Euro became legal tender in twelve of the European Union member nations.
2005 American politician Shirley Chisholm died.
2009 A nightclub fire in Bangkok,
Thailand, killed 61 persons.
2010 A suicide car bomb detonated at a volleyball tournament in Lakki Marwat, Pakistan, killing 105 persons and injuring 100.
2013 A bus and mini-bus collision in
Thies, Senegal, killed 18 persons and injured 16.
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This page was last updated on January 01, 2019.